Thursday, June 14, 2018

PRO/AH/EDR> African swine fever - Europe (17): Russia (KN) domestic swine, OIE

AFRICAN SWINE FEVER - EUROPE (17): RUSSIA (KALININGRAD) DOMESTIC
SWINE, OIE
****************************************************************************
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Date: Wed 13 Jun 2018
Source: OIE, WAHID (World Animal Health Information Database), weekly
disease information 2018; 31(24) [edited]
<http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Reviewreport/Review?page_refer=MapFullEventReport&reportid=26797>


African swine fever, Russia
--------------------------
Information received on [and dated] 13 Jun 2018 from Dr Evgeny
Nepoklonov, vice-minister, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of
Agriculture, Moscow, Russia

Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 5 Jun 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 6 Jun 2018
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 2 Apr 2018
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal agent: African swine fever virus
Nature of diagnosis: clinical, laboratory (basic and advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country

New outbreaks (1)
Summary of outbreaks
Total outbreaks: 1
Outbreak 1: Suvorovo, Gvardeysky, Kaliningradskaya Oblast
[Kaliningrad]
Date of start of the outbreak: 5 Jun 2018
Outbreak status: continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit: backyard
Total animals affected:
Species / Susceptible / Cases / Deaths / Killed and disposed of /
Slaughtered
Swine / 9 / 1 / 0 / 9 / 0

Outbreak statistics [rates apparent, expressed as percentages]
Species / Morbidity rate / Mortality rate / Case fatality rate /
Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Swine / 11.11/ 0 / 0 / 100
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction,
and/or slaughter

Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection: unknown or
inconclusive

Control measures
Measures applied: movement control inside the country; surveillance
outside containment and/or protection zone;, surveillance within
containment and/or protection zone; screening; quarantine; official
destruction of animal products; official disposal of carcasses;
by-products and waste; stamping out; control of wildlife reservoirs;
disinfection; disinfestation; vaccination permitted (if a vaccine
exists); no treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied: no other measures

Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type / Species / Test / Test date / Result
Gvardeiskaya veterinary Laboratory (regional laboratory) / swine /
polymerase chain reaction (PCR) / 6 Jun 2018 / positive

Future reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.

[The location of the outbreak can be seen on the interactive map
included in the OIE report at the source URL above.]

--
Communicated by:
ProMED-mail
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[The following quoted from a research letter titled "African swine
fever virus, Siberia, Russia, 2017", available at
<https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/24/4/17-1238_article>:

"African swine fever (ASF) is arguably the most dangerous swine
disease worldwide. ASF virus (ASFV) is highly virulent for domestic
swine and remains a global threat because no effective vaccine is
available to eradicate the disease. The emergent potential of ASF has
been demonstrated by its spread into Russia. In the 10 years since ASF
was first diagnosed in the Caucasian region of Russia, the disease has
reached Palearctic regions and is spreading into western Europe.

In 2017, the Federal Service for Veterinary and Phytosanitary
Surveillance (Rosselkhoznadzor) reported, that during 2007-2017, more
than 1000 ASF outbreaks resulted in deaths of about 800 000 pigs in 46
regions across Russia. Production of backyard swine industry decreased
by almost half, from 1119 tons of pork in 2007 to 608 tons of pork in
2017. However, highly industrialized pig farms showed increased
production every year during this same period, despite the ASF
epidemic."

Reference
---------
Kolbasov D, Titov I, Tsybanov S, et al. African swine fever virus,
Siberia, Russia, 2017. Emerg Infect Dis. 2018; 24(4): 796-8; available
at <https://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2404.171238>.
- Mod.CRD

HealthMap/ProMED-mail map of Suvorovo, Kaliningrad, Russia:
<http://healthmap.org/promed/p/64242>]

[See Also:
African swine fever - Europe (16): Moldova (AN) domestic, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20180612.5852549
African swine fever - Europe (15): Ukraine, domestic, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20180606.5841307
African swine fever - Europe (14): Hungary (SZ) wild boar, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20180522.5810185
African swine fever - Europe (13): Moldova (TA), domestic, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20180519.5805964
African swine fever - Europe (12): Moldova (GA), domestic, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20180512.5794703
African swine fever - Europe (11): Ukraine, domestic, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20180505.5786129
African swine fever - Europe (10): Moldova, domestic, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20180428.5771344
African swine fever - Europe (09): Hungary, wild boar, 1st rep, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20180424.5765306
African swine fever - Europe (08): Ukraine, wild boar, domestic, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20180402.5724317
African swine fever - Europe (07): Poland, wild boar, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20180323.5704653
African swine fever - Europe (06): Poland, wild boar, spread
http://promedmail.org/post/20180303.5662244
African swine fever - Europe (05): Moldova, domestic, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20180302.5662137
African swine fever - Europe (04): Ukraine, wild boar, domestic, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20180227.5652766
African swine fever - Europe (03): Ukraine, wild boar, domestic swine,
OIE http://promedmail.org/post/20180129.5592319
African swine fever - Europe (02): Romania domestic, Latvia wild boar,
OIE http://promedmail.org/post/20180112.5555485
African swine fever - Europe: Czech Republic, wild boar, spread, alert
http://promedmail.org/post/20180108.5545415
2017
----
African swine fever - Europe (33): Russia (Crimea), wild boar
http://promedmail.org/post/20171223.5521500
African swine fever - Europe (31): Russia, Ukraine, domestic swine
wild boar OIE http://promedmail.org/post/20171203.5479485
African swine fever - Europe (25): Russia (KX), domestic swine, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20171006.5365621
African swine fever - Europe (13): Russia (OM), domestic swine, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20170717.5183098
African swine fever - Europe (08): Moldova, Russia, domestic swine,
OIE
African swine fever - Europe (07): Moldova (SO) domestic swine, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20170311.4894530
2016
----
African swine fever - Europe (11): Russia, control, economic impact
http://promedmail.org/post/20160830.4451464
African swine fever - Europe (08): Russia, wild boar, domestic swine,
spread http://promedmail.org/post/20160726.4369647
African swine fever - Europe (06): Russia, wild boar, domestic swine,
spread http://promedmail.org/post/20160623.4305009
2015
----
African swine fever - Europe (18): Ukraine, Russia, Baltic, Poland,
spread http://promedmail.org/post/20150822.3595512
African swine fever - Europe (17): Russia, Ukraine, Baltic, spread
http://promedmail.org/post/20150815.3580029
2014
----
African swine fever - Russia (09): (VR) domestic swine, spread
http://promedmail.org/post/20140816.2696765
African swine fever - Europe (13): Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Russia,
spread http://promedmail.org/post/20140806.2665646
African swine fever - Russia (08): wild boar, domestic swine, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20140717.2617407
African swine fever - Russia (07): wild boar, domestic swine, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20140624.2562583
African swine fever - Russia (06): (SM) wild boar, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20140522.2491945
African swine fever - Russia (05): (VG) wild boar, OIE, RFI
http://promedmail.org/post/20140305.2314840
African swine fever - Europe: Lithuania, Russia, wild boar control,
OIE http://promedmail.org/post/20140211.2271563
African swine fever - Russia (03): (TL, BR) OIE, RFI
http://promedmail.org/post/20140206.2259800
African swine fever - Russia (02): (KG) OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20140124.2230008
African swine fever - Russia: (VG) OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20140121.2222221
2013
----
African swine fever - Russia (10): spread, OIE update
http://promedmail.org/post/20131018.2008630
2011
----
African swine fever - Russia (17): (SR) spread, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20111208.3551
African swine fever - Russia (16): (KS), OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20111102.3261
African swine fever - Russia (08): (AR) OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20110412.1154
African swine fever - Russia (06): (LN) new outbreak, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20110323.0915
African swine fever - Russia (05): (NZ) spread, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20110222.0581
2010
---
African swine fever - Russia (06): (RO), OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20100806.2668
African swine fever - Russia: (KD) OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20100216.0540
2009
----
African swine fever - Russia (11): (LN, RO) OIE, FAO
http://promedmail.org/post/20091027.3720
African swine fever - Russia (06): (DA), OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20090926.3371
2008
----
African swine fever - Russia (10): (KDA, IN), OIE, (STA)
http://promedmail.org/post/20081114.3596
African swine fever - Russia (07): (Stavropol) OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20081025.3372
African swine fever - Russia (05): (ORE), conf., Ingushetia, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20080801.2357
African swine fever - Russia: (N. Ossetia-Alania), conf. OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20080723.2238
2007
----
African swine fever - Russia (02): (Chechnya), OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20071207.3940
African swine fever - Georgia (11): SDC mission report
http://promedmail.org/post/20070920.3131
African swine fever - Georgia (04): FAO
http://promedmail.org/post/20070610.1891
African swine fever - Georgia (03): genotype
http://promedmail.org/post/20070609.1886
African swine fever - Georgia (02): OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20070608.1860
African swine fever - Georgia: OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20070607.1845]
.................................................crd/mj/jh
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