Thursday, June 28, 2018

PRO/AH/EDR> Anthrax - USA (03): (SD) bovine

ANTHRAX - USA (03): (SOUTH DAKOTA) BOVINE
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Date: 27 Jun 2018
Source: The Fence Post/South Dakota State Veterinarian [edited]
<https://www.thefencepost.com/news/second-case-of-anthrax-found-in-south-dakota/>


Anthrax is responsible for recent deaths in a cattle herd in Bon Homme
County, South Dakota. State Veterinarian Dustin Oedekoven says that at
least 4 adult cattle died suddenly in the herd, which had not been
vaccinated against anthrax.

He also confirmed that anthrax killed 8 cows from a herd of 87
unvaccinated cattle in Clark County, South Dakota.

Anthrax spores survive indefinitely in contaminated alkaline soils,
and nearly all areas of South Dakota have the potential of
experiencing an outbreak under ideal climatic conditions. Significant
climate changes such as drought, floods and wind can expose anthrax
spores to grazing livestock.

Livestock producers are advised that anthrax should be suspected in
cases of sudden death loss. Affected animals are often found dead with
no prior illness detected. Suspicious cases should be reported
immediately to a local veterinarian or to the state veterinarian at
the South Dakota Animal Industry Board. Anthrax is transmissible to
people and other animals. Precaution and veterinarian guidance should
be taken in handling, moving or disturbing carcasses that are
suspected to have died of anthrax.

An effective vaccine is available to protect livestock from anthrax,
and producers across the state should consult their veterinarians
regarding appropriate vaccination protocols. Strict enforcement of
quarantines and proper disposal of carcasses from livestock suspected
to have died from anthrax are important to prevent further soil
contamination with the bacterial spores.

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Communicated by:
ProMED-mail
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[Another herd of unvaccinated cattle is affected in South Dakota, this
time on the border with Nebraska, far away from the previous outbreak
in Clark County. This is the expected pattern when one is trying to
get this disease properly controlled by vaccination. The
procrastinators let you and everyone else down, while ably
demonstrating why vaccination is important.

To find Bon Homme county go to:
<https://legacy.lib.utexas.edu/maps/united_states/southdakota_90.jpg>.
It is on the southeast border with Nebraska. For a description of the
county, go to Wikipedia:
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bon_Homme_County,_South_Dakota>. The
county is very old and with a fascinating history.

My thanks to Joe Dudley for pointing out that I had missed this
outbreak. Truly thankful. - Mod.MHJ

HealthMap/ProMED-mail map:
South Dakota, United States: <http://healthmap.org/promed/p/243>]

[See Also:
Anthrax - USA (02): (SD) bovine
http://promedmail.org/post/20180626.5877662
2017
----
Anthrax - USA (02): (SD) bovine
http://promedmail.org/post/20170824.5270866
2015
----
Anthrax - USA: (SD) bovine
http://promedmail.org/post/20150327.3260622
2014
----
Anthrax - USA (13): (SD) bison herd
http://promedmail.org/post/20140801.2652380
2013
----
Anthrax - USA (03): (SD) bovine
http://promedmail.org/post/20130719.1834906
2012
----
Anthrax, livestock - USA: (SD) alert
http://promedmail.org/post/20120510.1129155
2011
----
Anthrax, bovine - USA: (SD) http://promedmail.org/post/20110812.2454
2009
----
Anthrax, bovine - USA: (SD) http://promedmail.org/post/20090804.2750
2008
----
Anthrax, bovine - USA (05): (SD), corr.
http://promedmail.org/post/20080818.2569
Anthrax, bovine - USA (05): (SD)
http://promedmail.org/post/20080817.2559
Anthrax, bovine - USA (04): (SD)
http://promedmail.org/post/20080726.2280
Anthrax, bovine - USA (03): (SD)
http://promedmail.org/post/20080724.2257
2007
----
Anthrax, bovine - USA (SD) (02): severe heat stress
http://promedmail.org/post/20070727.2427
Anthrax, bovine - USA (SD) http://promedmail.org/post/20070426.1363
2006
----
Anthrax, bison, bovine - USA (SD)(02)
http://promedmail.org/post/20060817.2300
Anthrax, bison, bovine - USA (SD)
http://promedmail.org/post/20060724.2044
2005
----
Anthrax, bison, bovine - USA (SD)(03)
http://promedmail.org/post/20050817.2412
Anthrax, bison, bovine - USA (SD)(02)
http://promedmail.org/post/20050729.2211
Anthrax, bison, bovine - USA (SD)
http://promedmail.org/post/20050724.2130
2004
----
Anthrax, bovine - USA (SD) http://promedmail.org/post/20040731.2090
2003
----
Anthrax, cattle - USA (SD) (02)
http://promedmail.org/post/20030911.2287]
.................................................mhj/msp//dk
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