Thursday, June 14, 2018

PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease - China (06): (AH) st O, cattle, OIE

FOOT & MOUTH DISEASE - CHINA (06): (ANHUI) SEROTYPE O, CATTLE, OIE
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Date: Tue 12 Jun 2018
Source: OIE, WAHID (World Animal Health Information Database), weekly
disease information 2018; 31(24) [edited]
<http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Reviewreport/Review?page_refer=MapFullEventReport&reportid=26814>


Foot-and-mouth disease, China (People's Rep of)
-----------------------------------------------
Information received on [and dated] 12 Jun 2018 from Dr Zhang
Zhongqui, Director General, China Animal Disease Control Centre,
Veterinary Bureau, Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing, China (People's
Rep. of)

Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 20 May 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 7 Jun 2018
Report date: 12 Jun 2018
Date submitted to OIE: 12 Jun 2018
Reason for notification: recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 20 Jan 2015
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal agent: Foot and mouth disease virus
Serotype: O
Nature of diagnosis: clinical, laboratory (basic and advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country.

New outbreaks (1)
Summary of the outbreaks
Total outbreaks: 1
Outbreak 1: Suncun Town, Fanchang, Wuhu, Anhui
Date of start of the outbreak: 20 May 2018
Outbreak status: continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit: Backyard
Total animals affected:
Species / Susceptible / Cases / Deaths / Killed and disposed of /
Slaughtered
Cattle / 63 / 16 / 11 / 52 / 0

Outbreak statistics [rates apparent, expressed as percentages]
Species / morbidity rate / mortality rate / case fatality rate /
Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle/ 25.40 / 17.46 / 68.75 / 100
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction,
and/or slaughter

Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection: unknown or
inconclusive

Control measures
Measures applied: movement control inside the country, screening,
quarantine, official destruction of animal products, official disposal
of carcasses, by-products and waste, stamping out, disinfection;
vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists); no treatment of affected
animals
Measures to be applied: no other measures

Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type: Lanzhou National Reference Laboratory Foot
and Mouth Disease (OIE reference laboratory)
Species / Test / Test date / Result
Cattle / gene sequencing / 7 Jun 2018 / Positive
Cattle/ reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) / 7
Jun 2018 / Positive

[The location of the outbreak can be seen on the interactive map at
the source URL above.]

--
Communicated by:
ProMED-mail
<promed@promedmail.org>

[The European Commission for the Control of foot-and-mouth disease
(FMD) monthly report "Global Foot-and-Mouth Disease Situation," April
2018 (see
<http://www.fao.org/fileadmin/user_upload/eufmd/FMD_reports_GMR/April_GMR_2018.pdf>)
notes that:

"FMDV serotype O was responsible for the outbreaks that were
respectively notified on [22 Mar and 11, 12 Apr 2018] in 2 cattle
farms at Gansu, Xinjiang, and at a pig slaughterhouse of Guangxi. The
Lanzhou National Reference Laboratory for Foot and Mouth Disease (OIE
reference laboratory), using reverse transcription-polymerase chain
reaction (RT-PCR) and gene sequencing, confirmed FMDV between 11 and
14 Apr 2018. Clinical forms were observed in both species present in
the outbreaks.

While for the outbreaks reported at the slaughterhouse, the source of
infection is unknown, for the episodes, which occurred on the cattle
farms, the source was attributed to the legal movement of animals. In
this case, infected cattle were transported from Linxia county to Hami
city, of the neighboring province of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous
Region.

The control measures adopted are movement control inside the country,
screening, traceability, quarantine, official destruction of animal
products, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste,
stamping out, disinfection, vaccine permitted if a suitable one is
available, while no treatment is being administered to the affected
animals."

A summary table of the animals involved in the outbreak as well as a
map with the location of the outbreaks are available in the same
report. - Mod CRD

HealthMap/ProMED-mail map of Suncun, Anhui, China:
<http://healthmap.org/promed/p/64243>]

[See Also:
Foot & mouth disease - China (05): (GX) st O, swine, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20180424.5766065
Foot & mouth disease - China (04): (GS) st O, livestock, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20180415.5747696
Foot & mouth disease - China (03): (HE) st. O, livestock, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20180309.5675925
Foot & mouth disease - China (02): (NX) st. O, livestock, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20180129.5593103
Foot & mouth disease - China (GZ): st O & A, livestock, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20180112.5552627
2017
----
Foot & mouth disease - China (04): (GD) st O, porcine
http://promedmail.org/post/20171031.5416545
Foot & mouth disease - China (03): (XJ) st A, bovine, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20170525.5060500
Foot & mouth disease - China (02): (XJ) st. O, bovine, spread, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20170424.4992077
Foot & mouth disease - China: (Tibet) serotype O, bovine, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20170209.4827357
2016
----
Foot & mouth disease - China (03): (XJ) st O, bovine, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20161130.4666050
Foot & mouth disease - China (02): (JX) st O, porcine, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20161124.4653143
Foot & mouth disease - China: porcine, st A
http://promedmail.org/post/20160407.4144383
2015
----
Foot & mouth disease - China (04): porcine, susp, spread
http://promedmail.org/post/20151218.3871669
Foot & mouth disease - China (03): porcine, susp.
http://promedmail.org/post/20151214.3861928
Foot & mouth disease - China (02): porcine, spread susp
http://promedmail.org/post/20151203.3837323
Foot & mouth disease - China (02): (LN) porcine, susp, RFI
http://promedmail.org/post/20151021.3732794
Foot & mouth disease - China: (AH) st A, porcine, spread
http://promedmail.org/post/20150107.3077530
2014
----
Foot & mouth disease - China (04): (JS) st. O, porcine, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20141126.2992235
Foot & mouth disease - China (03): (JS) st. A, porcine, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20140704.2588229
Foot & mouth disease - China (02): (JX) st O, bovine, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20140419.2415132
Foot & mouth disease - China: Tibet, st A, bovine, spread
http://promedmail.org/post/20140119.2184046]
.................................................crd/mj/jh
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