Thursday, June 14, 2018

PRO/AH/EDR> Japanese encephalitis & other - India (07): (MP)

JAPANESE ENCEPHALITIS AND OTHER - INDIA (07): (MADHYA PRADESH)
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Date: Wed 13 Jun 2018 09:24 AM IST
Source: The Free Press Journal [edited]
<http://www.freepressjournal.in/bhopal/bhopal-health-department-sounds-alert-on-japanese-encephalitis-virus/1295485>


The Bhopal Health department, on [Tue 12 Jun 2018], has issued alert
in the state after 2 kids - one each from Vidisha and Hoshangabad,
died of Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) in Hamidia Hospital. Malaria
Officer Akhilesh Dubey said, "As per the alert, hospitals have been
directed to conduct Japanese encephalitis test on the patients which
complain of cough and fever.

Teams have been constituted to conduct door to door surveys at war
footing." Another patient of Ashok Nagar is still undergoing treatment
in AIIMS, Bhopal. A 14-year-old native of Puranpura village in Vidisha
and a 3-year-old native of Gohikheda village in Hoshangabad were
referred to Hamidia Hospital after the test confirmed that their blood
samples were Japanese encephalitis positive.

Their treatment was carried on as per the established guidelines and
medical protocol. Their blood samples have been sent to AIIMS, Bhopal
for tests. National Vector borne control programme officer Dr Himanshu
Jaiswal said, "We have advised the hospitals to be alerts on the basis
of advisory. If patients get timely consultation then there is [no
reason] to panic."

"JEV is prevalent in UP [Uttar Pradesh], Bihar, and Jharkhand [states]
and 2 deaths were also reported last year [2017]. So if deaths or
cases increase, government will consider undertaking mass
vaccination."

JEV is a mosquito-borne flavivirus, and belongs to the same genus as
dengue, yellow fever, and West Nile viruses. While most infections
result in little or no symptoms, occasional inflammation of the brain
occurs -- in these cases symptoms may include headache, vomiting,
fever, confusion, and seizure. JEV is the prime cause of viral
encephalitis in Asia.

--
Communicated by:
ProMED-mail from HealthMap Alerts
<promed@promedmail.org>

[The Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) transmission season is just
beginning in India, including Madhya Pradesh state. Cases are much
more frequent in northeastern states in India, such as Uttar Pradesh,
Bihar, and Assam.

Avoidance of mosquito bites as is usually recommended is prudent, but
vaccination is the best protective measure. The _Culex_ mosquito
vectors can become very abundant seasonally, breeding in wetlands.
Vector control is difficult. Control of vector mosquitoes is
logistically difficult and expensive. There is no mention in the
report above that the 2 cases has been vaccinated.

Frequently, in reports of JE cases in India, acute encephalitis
syndrome (AES) of undefined etiology is often mentioned with JE cases,
a minority of those hospitalized. In the 2 cases above, AES is not
mentioned but their JE virus etiology was laboratory confirmed. -
Mod.TY

Maps of India can be accessed at
<http://www.mapsofindia.com/maps/india/india-political-map.htm> and
<http://healthmap.org/promed/p/309>.]

[See Also:
Japanese encephalitis & other- India (06): (HP)
Japanese encephalitis & other - India (05): (KL)
http://promedmail.org/post/20180605.5840545
Japanese encephalitis & other - India (04): (KL)
http://promedmail.org/post/20180530.5827153
Japanese encephalitis & other - India (03): (AS)
http://promedmail.org/post/20180523.5812921
Japanese encephalitis & other - India (02): (UP), typhus
http://promedmail.org/post/20180416.5749050
Japanese encephalitis & other - India: (KA, UP)
http://promedmail.org/post/20180110.5550774
2017
---
Japanese encephalitis & other - India (24): (RJ)
http://promedmail.org/post/20171113.5441846
Japanese encephalitis & other - India (23): (UP)
http://promedmail.org/post/20171106.54263192011
Japanese encephalitis & other - India (22): (UP)
http://promedmail.org/post/20171010.5369812
Japanese encephalitis & other - India (20): (UP), RFI
http://promedmail.org/post/20170916.5320148
Japanese encephalitis & other - India (19): (UP)
http://promedmail.org/post/20170902.5290553
Japanese encephalitis & other - India (18): comment
http://promedmail.org/post/20170830.5283261
Japanese encephalitis & other - India (17): (UP)
http://promedmail.org/post/20170825.5273513
Japanese encephalitis & other - India (17): (UP)
http://promedmail.org/post/20170825.5273513
Japanese encephalitis & other - India (15): (UP) AES due to scrub
typhus http://promedmail.org/post/20170817.5255252
Japanese encephalitis & other - India (14)
http://promedmail.org/post/20170816.5252801
Japanese encephalitis & other - India (12): (UP)
http://promedmail.org/post/20170807.5234297]
.................................................sb/ty/mj/jh
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