Friday, June 29, 2018

PRO/AH/EDR> Malaria - Central African Republic: gorilla, human

MALARIA - CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC: GORILLA, HUMAN
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Date: Wed 27 Jun 2018
Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [edited]
<https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/24/8/18-0010_article>


_Plasmodium ovale wallikeri_ in Western Lowland Gorillas and Humans,
Central African Republic
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Human malaria parasites have rarely been reported from free-ranging
great apes. Our study confirms the presence of the human malaria
parasite _Plasmodium ovale wallikeri_ in western lowland gorillas and
humans in Dzanga Sangha Protected Areas, Central African Republic, and
discusses implications for malaria epidemiology.

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Communicated by:
ProMED-mail from HealthMap Alerts
<promed@promedmail.org>

[The scientific article referred to can be accessed at
<https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/24/8/18-0010_article>.
The role of human malaria parasites in free-ranging great apes remains
unclear. Several _Plasmodium_ species have been documented in
gorillas, including _P. praefalciparum_, _P. adleri_, and _P.
blacklocki_. The finding of _Plasmodium ovale wallikeri_ increases
that list.
In this study, they report asymptomatic infections in humans and
gorillas in Dzanga Sangha Protected areas. Molecular studies showed
that the genetic identity of human and gorilla isolates was identical,
indicating potential human-ape transmission.
This finding is of relevance to public health and gorilla
conservation. Wild great apes may serve as sentinels of infectious
diseases. Using the information that can be provided by feces is an
excellent non-invasive tool to monitor their health.

A map of Central African Republic: <http://healthmap.org/promed/p/66>.
- Mod.PMB]

[See Also:
2016
----
HTLV-4 - Gabon: new strain, gorilla, hunters
http://promedmail.org/post/20160716.4347889
2014
----
Ebola virus disease - West Africa (183): great apes as sentinels
http://promedmail.org/post/20140930.2818170
2005
----
Respiratory infections, fatal, gorillas - Africa
http://promedmail.org/post/20050715.2019]
.................................................sb/pmb/ec/dk
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