Thursday, June 14, 2018

PRO/AH/EDR> Rabies (32): Asia (Kazakhstan) canine, OIE

RABIES (32): ASIA (KAZAKHSTAN) CANINE, OIE
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Date: Wed 13 Jun 2018
Source: OIE, WAHID (World Animal Health Information Database), weekly
disease information 2018; 31(24) [edited]
<http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Reviewreport/Review?page_refer=MapFullEventReport&reportid=26902>


Rabies, Kazakhstan
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Information received on [and dated] 13 Jun 2018 from Dr. Samat
Tyulegenov, Director General, RSE "National Reference Center for
Veterinary" of the Committee of veterinary control and supervision,
Ministry of Agriculture of Republic of Kazakhstan, Astana, Kazakhstan

Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Start date: 7 Jun 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 11 Jun 2018
Reason for notification: 1st occurrence of a listed disease
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal agent: Rabies virus
Serotype: RABV
Nature of diagnosis: laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country.

New outbreaks (1)
Summary of outbreaks:
Total outbreaks: 1
Outbreak 1: Tasty village, Tasty, Tselinograd, Akmolinskaya [Akmola]
Date of start of the outbreak: 7 Jun 2018
Outbreak status: continuing (or date resolved not provided)
Epidemiological unit: backyard
Total animals affected:
Species / Susceptible / Cases / Deaths / Killed and disposed of /
Slaughtered
Dogs / 2 / 1 / 1 / 0 / 0

Outbreak statistics [rates apparent, expressed as percentages]
Species / Morbidity rate / Mortality rate / Case fatality rate /
Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Dogs / 50 / 50 / 100 / 100
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction
and/or slaughter

Epidemiology
Source of the outbreaks(s): unknown or inconclusive

Control measures
Measures applied: vaccination in response to the outbreak(s);
screening; quarantine; control of wildlife reservoirs; disinfection;
no treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied: no other measures

Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type / Species / Test / Test date / result
National Reference Center for Veterinary (national laboratory) / dogs
/ reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) / 11 Jun
2018 / positive

Future reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.

[The location of the outbreak can be seen on the interactive map
included in the OIE report at the source URL above.]

--
Communicated by:
ProMED-mail from HealthMap Alerts
<promed@promedmail.org>

["Rabies continues to threaten the health of both humans and animals.
In particular, dog-mediated human rabies costs the lives of thousands
of people every year mainly in Africa and Asia, even though the
disease is 100 percent preventable. A global business plan for the
elimination of dog-mediated human rabies was launched in 2017, under
the initiative of the "United against rabies" collaboration composed
of the 4 partner organisations: World Organisation for Animal Health
(OIE), World Health Organization (WHO), Food and Agriculture
Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the Global Alliance for
Rabies Control (GARC). Between 2017 and early May 2018, the disease
was reported present in 57 percent of the 183 countries and
territories which notified information to the OIE".
<http://www.oie.int/en/for-the-media/press-releases/detail/article/state-of-play-of-the-global-animal-health-situation/>

A poster on the global situation of Rabies virus infection in dogs can
be found at:
<http://www.oie.int/fileadmin/Home/eng/Media_Center/docs/pdf/Infographies/EN_RABIESPOSTER.pdf>

Rabies can be found in dogs, bats, and other mammals in Kazakhstan, so
CDC recommends this vaccine for the following groups: (see
<https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/traveler/none/kazakhstan>).

- Travelers involved in outdoor and other activities (such as camping,
hiking, biking, adventure travel, and caving) that put them at risk
for animal bites.
- People who will be working with or around animals (such as
veterinarians, wildlife professionals, and researchers).
- People who are taking long trips or moving to Kazakhstan
- Children, because they tend to play with animals, might not report
bites, and are more likely to have animal bites on their head and
neck.
- Mod.CRD

A HealthMap/ProMED-mail map can be accessed at:
<http://healthmap.org/promed/p/56>,
<http://healthmap.org/promed/p/46438>.]

[See Also:
Rabies (26): Asia (Kazakhstan) fox, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20180524.5816417
Rabies (14): Asia (Kazakhstan) feline, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20180314.5684768
Rabies (11): Asia (Kazakhstan) livestock, wolf, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20180221.5643296
2017
----
Rabies (46): Asia (Kazakhstan) canine, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20171115.5446708
Rabies (10): Asia (Kazakhstan) golden jackal, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20170217.4846469
Rabies (04): Africa, Asia, animal, human
http://promedmail.org/post/20170112.4760105
2016
----
Rabies - Kazakhstan: (SK) canine, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20161027.4590589
Rabies, animal, human (13): Asia, Africa
http://promedmail.org/post/20161012.4555241
Rabies, animal, human (12): Philippines (PN), World Rabies Day
http://promedmail.org/post/20160927.4519326
Rabies, animal, human (11): Turkey, India, Israel
http://promedmail.org/post/20160923.4510261
Rabies, animal, human (10): Africa, Asia, update
http://promedmail.org/post/20160823.4436778
Rabies, animal, human (09): South Africa (GT) PEP
http://promedmail.org/post/20160813.4414131
Rabies, animal, human (08): South Africa (GT) RFI
http://promedmail.org/post/20160812.4413319
Rabies, animal, human (07): Africa, Asia, update
http://promedmail.org/post/20160725.4368053
Rabies, animal, human (06): Africa, Asia, update
http://promedmail.org/post/20160712.4340700
Rabies, animal, human (05): Africa, Asia, Europe, update
http://promedmail.org/post/20160618.4295802
Rabies, animal, human (04): Thailand (SP)
http://promedmail.org/post/20160521.4236232
Rabies, animal, human (03): Africa, Asia, update
http://promedmail.org/post/20160511.4215264
2013
----
Rabies - Kazakhstan: (QO), canine, human, RFI
http://promedmail.org/post/20130518.1720367
2011
----
Rabies - Kazakhstan (03): (QO), canine, human
http://promedmail.org/post/20110827.2615
Rabies - Kazakhstan (02): (QO) human susp.
http://promedmail.org/post/20110719.2183
Rabies - Kazakhstan: (SK), canine, human, susp.
http://promedmail.org/post/20110403.1030
2010
----
Rabies - Kazakhstan: (KS) human exposure, RFI
http://promedmail.org/post/20101206.4362
2009
----
Rabies, human, animal - Kazakhstan (SK), Ukraine (KR)
http://promedmail.org/post/20090912.3216
2008
----
Rabies, human - Kazakhstan, Tajikistan
http://promedmail.org/post/20081229.4096
2007
----
Rabies, human, animal - Kazakhstan, Russia, Ukraine
http://promedmail.org/post/20071201.3872
2000
----
Rabies, canine, human - Kazakhstan
http://promedmail.org/post/20000901.1471]
.................................................crd/ao/jh
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