Wednesday, June 13, 2018

PRO/EDR> Hepatitis E - Namibia (08): (OS) more cases

HEPATITIS E - NAMIBIA (08): (OMUSATI) MORE CASES
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International Society for Infectious Diseases
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Date: Mon 11 Jun 2018
Source: New Era [edited]
<https://www.newera.com.na/2018/06/11/suspected-hepatitis-e-cases-increase-in-omusati/>


Although the number of suspected hepatitis E cases has escalated to 54
from 47 since the last update at the end of May 2018, the region has
not recorded any new deaths. The Director of Health Information and
Research, Puumue Katjiuanjo, said only 13 of the 55 suspected cases
have tested positive.

Laboratory results of the other suspected cases were, as of Fri 8 Jun
2018, still pending. Katjiuanjo said the Tsandi District Hospital has
recorded 5 positively confirmed cases, which is the highest in the
region. Tsandi is followed by Okahao and Outapi district hospitals,
which both recorded 2 cases, while Oshikuku registered 2 cases.

Katjiuanjo said 9 people of the confirmed cases have either lived in
Havana or Goreangab before travelling to Omusati, while 2 of the cases
have a link with the 9 cases. He said the Ministry of Health and
Social Services is doing its level best to contain the disease.
Katjiuanjo, who is based at the ministry's headquarters in Windhoek,
said the officials on the ground are joined by the City of Windhoek to
assist the ministry to test water for contamination in the areas where
there are suspected cases.

Although the virus has claimed 14 lives in Windhoek in 2018, it has
reportedly only claimed one life in Omusati.

[Byline: Nuusita Ashipala]

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Communicated by:
ProMED-mail from HealthMap Alerts
<promed@promedmail.org>

[Hepatitis E is found worldwide, and different genotypes of the
hepatitis E virus determine differences in epidemiology. For example,
genotype 1 is usually seen in developing countries and causes
community-level outbreaks, while genotype 3 is usually seen in the
developed countries and does not cause outbreaks. Globally, 57 000
deaths and 3.4 million cases of acute hepatitis E are attributable to
infection with hepatitis E virus genotypes 1 and 2. Many of the deaths
are in pregnant women, characteristic of genotype 1.

The highest seroprevalence rates (number of persons in a population
who test positive for the disease) are observed in regions where low
standards of sanitation increase the risk for transmission of the
virus. Over 60 per cent of all hepatitis E infections and 65 per cent
of all hepatitis E deaths occur in east and south Asia, where
seroprevalence rates of 25 per cent are common in some age groups. In
Egypt, half the population aged above 5 years is serologically
positive for the hepatitis E virus
(<http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs280/en/index.html>).

Omusati region is one of the 14 regions of Namibia; its capital is
Outapi. The region's name, Omusati, comes from the oshiwamo word
"omusati" which means "Mopane." The Mopani tree is the dominant
species in the region. Omosati is in northwest Namibia; see:
<https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Omusati_Region>. - Mod.LL

HealthMap/ProMED-mail map:
Omusati Region, Namibia: <http://healthmap.org/promed/p/4006>]

[See Also:
Hepatitis E - Namibia (07): (OS) fatal
http://promedmail.org/post/20180530.5828842
Hepatitis E - Namibia (06): (KH) fatal
http://promedmail.org/post/20180418.5756055
Hepatitis E - Namibia (05): (KH) fatal
http://promedmail.org/post/20180228.5656294
Hepatitis E - Namibia (04): (KH) fatal
http://promedmail.org/post/20180213.5626670
Hepatitis E - Namibia (03): (KH) fatal
http://promedmail.org/post/20180127.5585264
Hepatitis E - Namibia (02): (KH) fatal
http://promedmail.org/post/20180117.5566623
Hepatitis E - Namibia: (KH) fatal
http://promedmail.org/post/20180106.5542173
2017
----
Hepatitis E - Namibia: (Windhoek)
http://promedmail.org/post/20171225.5522167
Hepatitis E - Nigeria (04): (BO)
http://promedmail.org/post/20171120.5455477
Hepatitis E - Nigeria (03): (BO) IDP camp
http://promedmail.org/post/20170814.5244528
Hepatitis E - Africa: (Lake Chad Basin)
http://promedmail.org/post/20170810.5241448
Hepatitis E - Nigeria (02): (BO) WHO
http://promedmail.org/post/20170712.5168641
Hepatitis E - Nigeria (BO)
http://promedmail.org/post/20170628.5136977
Hepatitis E - Niger (06): (DF) fatal, pregnant women
http://promedmail.org/post/20170620.5118509
Hepatitis E - Niger (05): (DF) fatal, pregnant women
http://promedmail.org/post/20170613.5102098
Hepatitis E - Niger (04): (DF) fatal, pregnant women
http://promedmail.org/post/20170529.5069047
Hepatitis E - Niger (03): (DF) fatal, pregnant women
http://promedmail.org/post/20170506.5017895
Hepatitis E - Niger (02): (DF) fatalities, IDP
http://promedmail.org/post/20170426.4996912
Hepatitis E - Niger: fatalities
http://promedmail.org/post/20170423.4989073
Hepatitis E - Chad (03): (SA)
http://promedmail.org/post/20170226.4866244
Hepatitis E - Chad (02): (SA) WHO
http://promedmail.org/post/20170125.4791758
Hepatitis E - Chad: (SA) effect in pregnancy
http://promedmail.org/post/20170105.4742073]
.................................................sb/ll/msp/jh
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