Thursday, July 12, 2018

PRO/AH/EDR> Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (10): (NC)

EASTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS - USA (10): (NORTH CAROLINA)
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Date: Tue 10 Jul 2018
Source: Caldwell Journal, a NC Department of Agriculture and Consumer
Services report [edited]
<http://caldwelljournal.com/state-sees-first-eee-case-of-the-year-equine-owners-encouraged-to-vaccinate-animals/>


A 4-year-old quarter horse stallion in Richmond County was euthanized
after contracting the 1st case of Eastern Equine Encephalomyelitis
[EEE] in North Carolina this year. EEE is a mosquito-borne disease
that is preventable in equine by vaccination.

EEE causes inflammation or swelling of the brain and spinal cord and
is usually fatal. Symptoms include impaired vision, aimless wandering,
head pressing, circling, inability to swallow, irregular staggering
gait, paralysis, convulsions and death. Once a horse has been bitten
by an infected mosquito, it may take three to 10 days for signs of the
disease to appear.

"If your horses exhibit any symptoms of EEE, contact your veterinarian
immediately," said State Veterinarian Doug Meckes. "It is imperative
that horse owners keep their vaccines current, talk to your
veterinarian about vaccinating them as soon as possible against EEE
and West Nile virus." The vaccinations initially require 2 shots, 30
days apart, for horses, mules and donkeys that have no prior
vaccination history. Meckes recommends a booster shot every 6 months
in North Carolina because of the state's prolonged mosquito season.

Mosquitoes can breed in any puddle that lasts for more than 4 days, so
removing any source of standing water can reduce the chance of
exposing animals to WNV or EEE. Keeping horses in stalls at night,
using insect screens and fans and turning off lights after dusk can
also help reduce exposure to mosquitoes. Insect repellants can be
effective if used according to manufacturers' instructions.

People, horses and birds can become infected from a bite by a mosquito
carrying the diseases, but there is no evidence that horses can
transmit the viruses to other horses, birds or people through direct
contact.

--
Communicated by:
ProMED-mail from HealthMap Alerts
<promed@promedmail.org>

[EEE is not unusual in North Carolina and you will see, if you check
the dates on the previous reports listed below that this 1st outbreak
for 2018 is right on schedule. So if you have not got your horses
vaccinated already get your butt in gear and get it done ASAP before
it is too late. EEE kills horses. Vaccination cheaply prevents such
deaths. GET IT DONE! - Mod.MHJ

HealthMap/ProMED map available at:
North Carolina, United States: <http://healthmap.org/promed/p/235>]

[See Also:
2017
----
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (06): (AL,NC) sentinel chicken,
equine http://promedmail.org/post/20170806.5230898
2016
----
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (20): (NC,NJ) equine, human
http://promedmail.org/post/20160831.4453085
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (08): (NC) equine
http://promedmail.org/post/20160704.4325366
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (06): (SC) NC alert
http://promedmail.org/post/20160624.4307197
2015
----
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (09): (NC)
http://promedmail.org/post/20150820.3590391
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (03): (NC) equine
http://promedmail.org/post/20150712.3504235
2014
----
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (11): (GA, NC) equine
http://promedmail.org/post/20140815.2691495
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (08): (FL, NC) equine
http://promedmail.org/post/20140807.2666636
2013
-----
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (11): (NC, FL) equine
http://promedmail.org/post/20130803.1861504
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (08): (NC) equine
http://promedmail.org/post/20130728.1850040
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (07): (FL, NC, SC) equine
http://promedmail.org/post/20130719.1835015
2012
----
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (26): (NC) equine
http://promedmail.org/post/20121109.1400915
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (10): (NC) equine
http://promedmail.org/post/20120819.1251160
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (05): (NC) equine
http://promedmail.org/post/20120720.1208398
2009
----
Eastern equine encephalitis, equine - USA (22): (NC)
http://promedmail.org/post/20091217.4260
Eastern equine encephalitis, equine, alpaca - USA: (NC,VA)
http://promedmail.org/post/20090828.3034
Eastern equine encephalitis, equine - USA: (NC), chicken
http://promedmail.org/post/20090727.2646
2008
----
Eastern equine encephalitis, equine ­ USA (06): (NC), emu
http://promedmail.org/post/20080831.2724
2003
----
Eastern equine encephalitis, equine - USA (NC) (02)
http://promedmail.org/post/20030821.2099
Eastern equine encephalitis, equine - USA (NC)
http://promedmail.org/post/20030815.2031
2000
----
Eastern equine encephalitis, human - USA (NC) (02)
http://promedmail.org/post/20000802.1282
Eastern equine encephalitis, human - USA (NC)
http://promedmail.org/post/20000711.1154]
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