Tuesday, July 3, 2018

PRO/AH/EDR> Hantavirus - Americas (44): Panama (LS)

HANTAVIRUS - AMERICAS (44): PANAMA (LOS SANTOS)
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Date: Mon 2 Jul 2018
Source: La Prensa [in Spanish trans. Mod.TY, edited]
<https://www.prensa.com/provincias/Menor-virus-trasladada-Hospital-Nino_0_5067243248.html>


A 9-year-old child, resident of Cambutal de Tonosi, a victim of
hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome, was moved early this morning, 2
Jul 2018, to the Children's Hospital in the capital city.

The Los Santos regional epidemiology coordinator, Carlos Munoz, stated
that as of this Monday morning [2 Jul 2018], the number of cases of
hantavirus [infection] is 40.

Munoz indicated that the child was moved because in the area there is
no intensive care unit that attends children. He stated that in the
month of June [2018], 11 cases of the disease were diagnosed. He added
that this month [July 2018] more cases were added.

The Tonosi district has reported 27 cases so far in 2018.

[Byline: Vielka Corro Rios]

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Communicated by:
ProMED-mail from HealthMap Alerts
<promed@promedmail.org>

[The number of cases of hantavirus infection continues to increase in
Los Santos province. Hantavirus infections occur in Los Santos
province relatively frequently. The specific situation in which the
above patient might have acquired the infection is not mentioned.

There is no indication of which hantavirus is involved in this or in
previous cases in Panama. However, as noted in comments in previous
posts, Los Santos and adjoining provinces are endemic for Choclo
hantavirus. Although no data on this or the previous cases in earlier
years include an indication of which hantavirus is responsible, Choclo
is the only one of the 3 hantaviruses known to be endemic in Panama
that causes HPS (hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome) or hantavirus
fever. No vaccine is available for Choclo virus.

The rodent host of Choclo virus is the pygmy rice rat (_Oligoryzomys
fulvescens_), a photograph of which can be accessed at
<http://www.medwave.cl/medios/perspectivas/Hantavirus/Actualiz/Fig2.jpg>.
These rodents live in and around agricultural areas and adjacent
houses and buildings. They can be persistently infected with the virus
and shed it in urine, feces and saliva, the source of human
infections. - Mod.TY

Maps of Panama:
<http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/americas/panama.jpg>

HealthMap/ProMED map available at:
Los Santos, Panama: <http://healthmap.org/promed/p/41725>]

[See Also:
Hantavirus - Americas (43): Panama (LS)
http://promedmail.org/post/20180627.5879628
Hantavirus - Americas (40): Panama (LS)
http://promedmail.org/post/20180610.5848603
Hantavirus - Americas (31): Panama (LS)
http://promedmail.org/post/20180426.5770153
Hantavirus - Americas (29): Panama (LS)
http://promedmail.org/post/20180418.5755541
Hantavirus - Americas (28): Panama (LS)
http://promedmail.org/post/20180401.5722787
Hantavirus - Americas (22): Panama (LS)
http://promedmail.org/post/20180315.5689599
Hantavirus - Americas (20): Panama (LS)
http://promedmail.org/post/20180312.5680250
Hantavirus - Americas (117): Panama (LS)
http://promedmail.org/post/20180302.5662121
Hantavirus - Americas (14): USA (AZ), Panama (LS)
http://promedmail.org/post/20180301.5657531
Hantavirus - Americas (06): Panama (LS)
http://promedmail.org/post/20180130.5594694]
.................................................sb/jh/ty/msp/jh
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