Saturday, July 7, 2018

PRO/AH/EDR> Hantavirus - Europe: Germany (RP) 2017, increased incidence

HANTAVIRUS - EUROPE: GERMANY (RHINELAND-PALATINATE) 2017, INCREASED
INCIDENCE
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A ProMED-mail post
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Date: Fri 6 Jul 2018
Source: ProPlanta [in German, trans. Sabine Zentis, edited]
<https://www.proplanta.de/Agrar-Nachrichten/Verbraucher/Hantavirus-Infektionen-in-Rheinland-Pfalz-haben-zugelegt_article1530872197.html>


In the last year [2017], more people in Rhineland-Palatinate
[Germany], became infected with hantavirus than in 2016.

A total of 49 cases were notified (in 2017), as reported by the LUA
Koblenz on [Thu 5 Jul 2018]. In 2016, there were 7 cases.

One source of infection is mouse droppings. The virus usually causes
illnesses with flu-like symptoms: high fever, headaches, and abdominal
and back pain. Additionally, infection can lead to kidney failure.

The virus is excreted in the saliva, urine, and faeces of small
infected mammals, especially the bank vole (_Myodes glareolus_). The
virus can enter the human airways with dust. The disease mostly
affects people working in the forest or walking in woodlands.

--
Communicated by:
ProMED-mail from HealthMap Alerts
<promed@promedmail.org>

[Although the above report is for cases that occurred last year
(2017), it would not be surprising for new cases to occur this year
(2018). Hantavirus infections occur in various parts of Germany. Last
year (2017), Baden-Wurttemberg state in southwest Germany reported an
increase in hantavirus cases, especially since March 2017. A total of
441 hantavirus cases were reported up to June 2017, which was higher
than in the previous 4 years. Although not stated in the above report,
the hantavirus most likely involved in these cases is Puumala virus,
with the bank vole (_Myodes glareolus_) as the rodent reservoir host.
Puumala virus is endemic to southwestern and western Germany. The
Puumala virus (PUUV) outbreaks in the past have been related to
increases in the bank vole population. The vole population increases
are due in large part to increases in beech tree mast (tree seeds)
abundance, with PUUV outbreaks occurring a year after peak mast
production. The above report does not indicate how relatively abundant
bank vole populations are currently. Bank voles are widely distributed
across Europe.

An image of _Myodes glareolus_, the Puumala virus host, can be
accessed at
<http://grzanka.pl/2010/03/03/nornica-ruda-myodes-glareolus/>. -
Mod.TY

HealthMap/ProMED-mail maps:
Germany: <http://healthmap.org/promed/p/101>
Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany: <http://healthmap.org/promed/p/9631>
Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany: <http://healthmap.org/promed/p/4181>]

[See Also:
2017
----
Hantavirus - Europe (02): Germany (BW)
http://promedmail.org/post/20170611.5098735
2013
----
Hantavirus update - Europe (02): Germany
http://promedmail.org/post/20130725.1845825
2012
----
Hantavirus update 2012 - Europe (02): Ireland ex Germany
http://promedmail.org/post/20120805.1229333
Hantavirus update 2012 - Europe: Germany, Slovenia
http://promedmail.org/post/20120525.1144830]
.................................................sb/jh/ty/tw/jh
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