Wednesday, August 22, 2018

PRO/AH> Foot & mouth disease - Israel (06): (HZ) gt O/ME-SA/PanAsia-2(QOM-15) resolved

FOOT AND MOUTH DISEASE - ISRAEL (06): (HAZAFON) GENOTYPE
O/ME-SA/PANASIA-2(QOM-15) RESOLVED
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A ProMED-mail post
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ProMED-mail is a program of the
International Society for Infectious Diseases
<http://www.isid.org>

Date: Mon 23 Aug 2018
Source: OIE, WAHID [edited]
<http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Reviewreport/Review?page_refer=MapFullEventReport&reportid=27616>


Information received on [and updated] 21 Aug 2018 from Dr Shlomo
Garazi, Chief Officer for Import and Export of the Veterinary
Services, Veterinary Services and Animal Health, Ministry of
Agriculture and Rural Development, BET DAGAN, Israel

Summary
Report type: Follow-up report No. 2 (Final report)
Date of start of the event: 2 Apr 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 8 Apr 2018
Report date: 21 Aug 2018
Date submitted to OIE: 21 Aug 2018
Date event resolved: 16 Jul 2018
Reason for notification: Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: June 2017
Manifestation of disease: Clinical disease
Causal agent: Foot and mouth disease virus
Serotype: O
Nature of diagnosis: Clinical, Laboratory (basic), Laboratory
(advanced)
This event pertains to a defined zone within the country

New outbreaks (5)
Outbreak 1: MENAHEMYA (Ramat Sirin), Kineret, Hazafon
Date of start of the outbreak: 28 Apr 2018
Outbreak status: Resolved (20 May 2018)
Affected animals
Species / Susceptible / Cases / Deaths / Killed and disposed of /
Slaughtered
Cattle / 185 / 90 / 2 / 0 / 0
Affected population: Free ranging beef cattle

Outbreak 2: MOLEDET, Yizreel, Hazafon
Date of start of the outbreak: 2 May 2018
Outbreak status: Resolved (15 May 2018)
Affected animals
Species / Susceptible / Cases / Deaths / Killed and disposed of /
Slaughtered
Cattle / 530 / 200 / 2 / 0 / 0
Affected population: Free ranging beef cattle

Outbreak 3: AFULA, Yizreel, Hazafon
Date of start of the outbreak: 2 May 2018
Outbreak status: Resolved (10 May 2018)
Epidemiological unit: Zoo
Affected animals
Species / Susceptible / Cases / Deaths / Killed and disposed of /
Slaughtered
Indian hog deer: _Hyelaphus porcinus_ (Cervidae) / 6 / 3 / 3 / 0 / 0
Affected population Minizoo in the city of Afula.

Outbreak 4: KEFAR KISCH, Kineret, Hazafon
Date of start of the outbreak: 14 May 2018
Outbreak status: Resolved (5 Jun 2018)
Epidemiological unit: Farm
Affected animals
Species / Susceptible / Cases / Deaths / Killed and disposed of /
Slaughtered
Cattle / 850 / 150 / 0 / 0 / 0
Affected population: Feedlot

Outbreak 5: BAQA -JATT, Hadera, Haifa
Date of start of the outbreak: 7 Jul 2018
Outbreak status: Resolved (16 Jul 2018)
Epidemiological unit: Farm
Affected animals
Species / Susceptible / Cases / Deaths / Killed and disposed of /
Slaughtered
Sheep / 500 / 40 / 0 / 0 / 0

Summary of outbreaks
Total outbreaks: 5
Total animals affected:
Species / Susceptible / Cases / Deaths / Killed and disposed of /
Slaughtered
Cattle / 1565 / 440 / 4 / 0 / 0
Indian hog deer: _Hyelaphus porcinus_ (Cervidae) / 6 / 3 / 3 / 0 / 0
Sheep / 500 / 40 / 0 / 0 / 0

Outbreak statistics (rates apparent, in percentages)
Species / morbidity rate / mortality rate / case fatality rate /
Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle / 28.12 / 0.26 / 0.91 / 0.26
Indian hog deer: _Hyelaphus porcinus_ (Cervidae) / 50.00 / 50.00 /
100.00 / 50.00
Sheep / 8.00 / 0.00 / 0.00 / 0.00
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction
and / or slaughter

Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection: Unknown or
inconclusive

Control measures
Measures applied: Movement control inside the country / Vaccination in
response to the outbreak(s) / Surveillance outside containment and/or
protection zone / Surveillance within containment and/or protection
zone / Quarantine / Zoning / No treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied: No other measures

Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type: Kimron Veterinary Institute, Foot and mouth
disease Laboratory (National laboratory)
Species / Test / Test date / Result
Sheep / polymerase chain reaction (PCR) / 9 Jul 2018 / Positive
Sheep / real-time PCR / 9 Jul 2018 / Positive

Future Reporting
The event is resolved. No more reports will be submitted.

[The location of the outbreak can be seen on the interactive map at
the source URL above.]

--
Communicated by:
ProMED-mail
<promed@promedmail.org>

[The FMD event caused by the strain above had started in northeast
Israel on 2 Apr 2018, affecting free ranging beef cattle, as reported
to the OIE on 9 Apr 2018; the causative agent of this and subsequent
outbreaks was genotyped O/ME-SA/PanAsia-2(QOM-15). This strain
(sublineage QOM) had not been found earlier in Israel and is
considered a new introduction, the route(s) of which are not (yet)
clarified. Previous FMD events in Israel, caused by FMDV O PanAsia-2,
involved sublineages ANT-10 (in 2012), and FAR-09 (in 2013/14).

On 29 Apr 2018, 4 additional outbreaks were reported to the OIE in
follow-up report no 1, addressing a large dairy farm, 3 free-ranging
beef cattle herds, and a cluster of wild mountain gazelles (_Gazella
gazella_, a protected species), all distributed within a region
located south of Lake Kinneret ("the Sea of Tiberias"), adjacent to
the Jordan river separating Israel from the Kingdom of Jordan.

During June 2018, 4 outbreaks, caused most probably by the same
genotype, were reported from the Palestinian territories (West Bank);
see http://promedmail.org/post/20180626.5877233 and
http://promedmail.org/post/20180715.5905958. This event is considered
not yet resolved ("continuing"). - Mod.AS

HealthMap/ProMED map available at:
Hazafon, Israel: <http://healthmap.org/promed/p/1759>]

[See Also:
Foot & mouth disease - Palestinian Auth (03): (WE) spread, st untyped,
OIE http://promedmail.org/post/20180715.5905958
Foot & mouth disease - Palestinian Auth (02): (WE) bovine, st not
typed, OIE http://promedmail.org/post/20180626.5877233
Foot & mouth disease - Israel (05): (HZ) bov, gt
O/ME-SA/PanAsia-2(QOM-15)
http://promedmail.org/post/20180607.5843979
Foot & mouth disease - Israel (04): (HZ) bovine, wildlife, spread
http://promedmail.org/post/20180515.5798415
Foot & mouth disease - Israel (03): (HZ) bovine, spread
http://promedmail.org/post/20180429.5773006
Foot & mouth disease - Israel (02): (HZ) bovine, st. O, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20180410.5737736
Foot & mouth disease - Israel: (HZ), bovine
http://promedmail.org/post/20180406.5729230
Foot & mouth disease - Palestinian Auth: (WE) st O, OIE, spread
http://promedmail.org/post/20180107.5543519
2017
---
Foot & mouth disease - Palestinian Auth (06): (WE) ovine/caprine, st
O, tt EA-3 http://promedmail.org/post/20171221.5516215
Foot & mouth disease - Palestinian Auth (05): (WE) ovine/caprine, st
not typed, OIE http://promedmail.org/post/20171214.5501889
Foot & mouth disease - Palestinian Auth (04): (GZ) st SAT-2, bov.
susp, Israel alert http://promedmail.org/post/20170730.5215192
Foot & mouth disease - Palestinian Auth (03): (WE) bovine,ovine, st
pending, OIE http://promedmail.org/post/20170516.5039513
Foot & mouth disease - Israel (02): bovine, st A, Palestinian Auth, st
pending http://promedmail.org/post/20170511.5029780
Foot & mouth disease - Israel (04): (HA) bovine, OIE, st O
http://promedmail.org/post/20170608.5090630
Foot & mouth disease - Israel (03): (HZ) bovine, st A, spread, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20170526.5063707
Foot & mouth disease - Israel (02): bovine, st A, Palestinian Auth, st
pending http://promedmail.org/post/20170511.5029780
Foot & mouth disease - Palestinian Auth (03): (WE) bovine,ovine, st
pending, OIE http://promedmail.org/post/20170516.5039513
Foot & mouth disease - Israel: (HZ) bovine, st pending, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20170509.5023778
Foot & mouth disease - Israel (04): (HD) bovine, st. O, topotype EA-3
http://promedmail.org/post/20170404.4947711
Foot & mouth disease - Palestinian Auth (02): (GZ) bovine, st O,
spread http://promedmail.org/post/20170316.4903671
Foot & mouth disease - Jordan: multiple species, st. O, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20170314.4900918
Foot & mouth disease - Palestinian Authority: (GZ) bovine, st. O, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20170221.4855322
Foot & mouth disease - Israel (03): (HD) bovine, st O, Palestinian
Auth (GZ) RFI http://promedmail.org/post/20170218.4849013
Foot & mouth disease - Israel (02): (HD) bovine, st O, OIE Palestinian
Auth (GZ) http://promedmail.org/post/20170209.4827158
Foot & mouth disease - Israel: (HD) bovine, serotype unknown, RFI
http://promedmail.org/post/20170207.4822669
2015
---
Foot & mouth disease - Israel (03): (HZ) bovine, st O, spread
http://promedmail.org/post/20151130.3829799
Foot & mouth disease - Israel (02): (HZ) porcine, OIE, st O
http://promedmail.org/post/20151123.3812972
Foot & mouth disease - Israel: (HZ) porcine, st. pending, RFI
http://promedmail.org/post/20151122.3810601
Foot & mouth disease - Palestinian Auth: (WE) ovine, st O susp, RFI
http://promedmail.org/post/20151116.3795215
2014
---
Foot & mouth disease - Israel (04): (HZ, HM) ovine, st O, genotyping
http://promedmail.org/post/20140226.2301774
Foot & mouth disease - Israel (03): (HM) ovine, st O, OIE, RFI
http://promedmail.org/post/20140208.2264193
Foot & mouth disease - Palestinian Auth: (WE) ovine, caprine, st O,
RFI http://promedmail.org/post/20140124.2227362
Foot & mouth disease - Israel (02): (HM) ovine, caprine, RFI
http://promedmail.org/post/20140116.2177975
Foot & mouth disease - Israel: (HZ) ovine, caprine, st O
http://promedmail.org/post/20140114.2170228
Foot & mouth disease - Israel, PA: st O, genotyping
http://promedmail.org/post/20140109.2161860
2013
---
Foot & mouth disease - Israel, PA: st. O, genotyping, RFI
http://promedmail.org/post/20131209.2101647
Foot & mouth disease - Palestinian Auth: (WE) ovine, st O
http://promedmail.org/post/20131126.2075735
Foot & mouth disease - Israel (03): (HZ) bovine, st O
http://promedmail.org/post/20131122.2069240
Foot & mouth disease - Israel (02): (HZ) st pending, bovine, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20131121.2068011
Foot & mouth disease - Israel: (HZ) bovine
http://promedmail.org/post/20131120.2065585
Foot & mouth disease - Middle East (04): Palestinian Auth (GZ) st A
http://promedmail.org/post/20130430.1682824
2012
---
Foot & mouth disease - Israel: (HD) st O, ovine, 2nd outbreak
http://promedmail.org/post/20120326.1081353
Foot & mouth disease - Israel: (HD) st O, ovine, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20120322.1077680]
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