Tuesday, August 21, 2018

PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease - Guinea: bovine, OIE

FOOT & MOUTH DISEASE - GUINEA: BOVINE, OIE
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Date: Mon 19 Aug 2018
Source: OIE, WAHID (World Animal Health Information Database), weekly
disease information 2018; 31(34) [edited]
<http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Reviewreport/Review?page_refer=MapFullEventReport&reportid=27422>


Foot-and-mouth disease, Guinea
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Information received on [and dated] 19 Aug 2018 from Mr Daouda
Bangoura, [National Director of Veterinary Services, Ministry of
Livestock], Conakry, Guinea

Summary
Report type: immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 5 May 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 19 Aug 2018
Reason for notification: reoccurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 27 Mar 2014
Manifestation of disease: clinical disease
Causal agent: Foot-and-mouth disease virus
Serotype: pending
Nature of diagnosis: suspicion
This event pertains to the whole country

New outbreaks (42):
[The 42 outbreaks of FMD occurred in the following prefectures: Dabola
(2), Dubreka (3), Forecariah (1), Kankan (5), Kerouane (3), Kindia
(2), Kouroussa (4), Lola (3), Mali (1), Mamou (2), Mandiana (8),
Siguiri (7), Telimele (1). See details of each outbreak at the source
URL above. - Mod.CRD]

Summary of outbreaks:
Total outbreaks: 42
Total animals affected:
Species / Susceptible / Cases / Deaths / Killed and disposed of /
Slaughtered
Cattle / 34 587 / 3451 / 383 / 0 / 35
Goats / 87 / 19 / 6 / 0 / 0
Sheep / 50 / 29 / 0 / 0 / 0

Outbreak statistics [rates apparent, expressed as percentages]
Species / Apparent morbidity rate / Apparent mortality rate / Apparent
case fatality rate / Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Cattle / 9.98 / 1.11 / 11.10 / 1.21
Goats / 21.84 / 6.90 / 31.58 / 6.90
Sheep / 58 / 0 / 0 / 0
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction,
and/or slaughter

Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection: introduction of new
live animals; illegal movement of animals; animals in transit; contact
with infected animal(s) at grazing/watering; contact within livestock
markets

Control measures
Measures applied: movement control inside the country; surveillance
outside containment and/or protection zone; surveillance within
containment and/or protection zone; traceability; quarantine;
disinfection; slaughter; vaccination permitted (if a vaccine exists);
treatment of affected animals.
Measures to be applied: selective killing and disposal

Diagnostic test results
Laboratory name and type / Species / Test / Test date / Result
ANSES Maisons Alfort, France (OIE reference laboratory) / Cattle /
real-time reverse transcriptase / polymerase chain reaction (RRT-PCR)
/ not available / pending
ANSES Maisons Alfort, France (OIE reference laboratory) / Cattle /
typing ELISA / not available / pending

Future reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.

[The location of the outbreaks can be seen on the interactive map
included in the OIE report at the source URL above.]

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Communicated by:
ProMED-mail
<promed@promedmail.org>

[The last reported FMD outbreak in Guinea was in 2014, see event
summary and map of the previous event at
<http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Reviewreport/Review/viewsummary?fupser=&dothis=&reportid=14871>

A map of the administrative divisions of Guinea is available at
<http://www.nationsonline.org/oneworld/map/guinea-map.htm>.
HealthMap/ProMED-mail map of Guinea:
<http://healthmap.org/promed/p/45>. - Mod.CRD]

[See Also:
Foot & mouth disease - Gambia: (MC) bovine, st. pending, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20180729.5934180
2016
----
Foot & mouth disease, bovine - Guinea-Bissau: (Bafatá) OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20161206.4678914
Foot & mouth disease - Nigeria: (TA) bovine, RFI
http://promedmail.org/post/20160607.4268754
2015
----
Foot & mouth disease - Maghreb (09): Mauritania (KD) st. SAT-2,
bovine, OIE http://promedmail.org/post/20150508.3350228
Foot & mouth disease - Nigeria: (BA) bovine, not serotyped, RFI
http://promedmail.org/post/20150301.3199433
2014
----
Foot & mouth disease - Guinea: (MD) bovine, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20140308.2321340]
.................................................crd/mj/lxl
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