Tuesday, August 28, 2018

PRO/AH/EDR> Salmonellosis, st I 4,[5],12:i:- - USA: kosher chicken, alert

SALMONELLOSIS, SEROTYPE I 4,[5],12:I:- - USA: KOSHER CHICKEN, ALERT
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Date: Fri 24 Aug 2018
Source: US Department of Agriculture Food Safety and Inspection
Service (USDA-FSIS) [edited]
<https://www.fsis.usda.gov/wps/portal/fsis/newsroom/news-releases-statements-transcripts/news-release-archives-by-year/archive/2018/pha-08242018-1>


FSIS issues public health alert for Empire Kosher Poultry, Inc. raw
chicken products due to possible _Salmonella_ contamination
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The US Department of Agriculture's Food Safety and Inspection Service
(FSIS) and Empire Kosher Poultry, Inc. are issuing a public health
alert out of an abundance of caution due to concerns about
_Salmonella_ illnesses reported in the northeastern and mid-Atlantic
USA that may be associated with raw chicken products. The Empire
Kosher brand raw chicken items, which may include raw whole chicken,
raw chicken parts, were produced and sold to consumers from September
2017 to June 2018.

On 18 Jun 2018, FSIS was notified of multiple _Salmonella_ I
4,[5],12:i:- illnesses within the northeastern and mid-Atlantic USA.
Working in conjunction with public health partners, FSIS determined
that there is a potential link between Empire Kosher brand raw chicken
products and this illness cluster. Based on available epidemiological
information, multiple case-patients have been identified in the
northeastern and mid-Atlantic USA, many of whom reported consumption
of Empire Kosher brand chicken products. Approximately half of
affected case-patients have been hospitalized due to illness with
illness onset dates ranging from September 2017 to June 2018. FSIS
continues to work with the company and public health partners and will
provide updated information should it become available.

Consumption of food contaminated with _Salmonella_ can cause
salmonellosis, one of the most common bacterial foodborne illnesses.
The most common symptoms of salmonellosis are diarrhea, abdominal
cramps, and fever within 12 to 72 hours after eating the contaminated
product. The illness usually lasts 4 to 7 days. Most people recover
without treatment. In some persons, however, the diarrhea may be so
severe that the patient needs to be hospitalized. Older adults,
infants, and persons with weakened immune systems are more likely to
develop a severe illness. Individuals concerned about an illness
should contact their health care provider.

FSIS is concerned that some product may be frozen and in consumers'
freezers. Consumers who have purchased these products are urged to
properly handle, prepare, and cook these raw chicken products. FSIS
advises all consumers to safely prepare their raw meat products,
including fresh and frozen, and only consume chicken products that
have been cooked to a temperature of 165 F [74 C]. The only way to
confirm that chicken is cooked to a temperature high enough to kill
harmful bacteria is to use a food thermometer that measures internal
temperature (<http://1.usa.gov/1cDxcDQ>). Consumers should take proper
precautions when handling raw chicken products. Proper hand washing
after handling raw poultry, meat and eggs can greatly reduce the risk
of bacterial cross-contamination to other foods and kitchen surfaces.
It is important to prevent cross-contamination from raw poultry juices
by washing counter tops and sinks with hot, soapy water.

--
Communicated by:
ProMED-mail
<promed@promedmail.org>

[_Salmonella_ as a genus has 2 species, _enterica_ and _bongori_. _S.
enterica_ is divided into 6 subspecies: _enterica_, _salamae_,
_arizonae_, _diarizonae_, _houtenae_, and _indica_. _S. enterica_
subspecies _enterica_ (or subspecies I) strains are the ones usually
isolated from humans or warm-blooded animals and represent a majority
of the salmonellas that are clinically important.

The designation _Salmonella_ I 4,[5],12:i:- means:
- the "I" reflects subspecies _enterica_;
- the "4, [5] 12" are the O (or somatic) antigens associated with the
organism. An O antigen underscored or placed in [ ] can refer to
whether the antigen is related to phage conversion or not.
- the nomenclature after the colon, in this case i:-, reflects the
flagellar or H antigens.

Salmonellosis from contaminated chicken can be largely prevented by
adequate cooking and appropriate kitchen hygiene. - Mod.LL

HealthMap/ProMED map available at:
United States: <http://healthmap.org/promed/p/106>]

[See Also:
Salmonellosis - USA (10): (MO) cluster, church picnic
http://promedmail.org/post/20180820.5977244
Salmonellosis - USA (09) : (WA) smoothies, st Braenderup
http://promedmail.org/post/20180820.5975357
Salmonellosis - USA (08): (MO) cluster, unclear source
http://promedmail.org/post/20180813.5963548
Salmonellosis, st Sandiego, subsp IIIb - USA: pasta salad, alert,
recall http://promedmail.org/post/20180803.5944174
Salmonellosis - USA (07): live poultry, multiple serotypes
http://promedmail.org/post/20180801.5941685
Salmonellosis, st Reading - USA (02): raw turkey products
http://promedmail.org/post/20180723.5920197
Salmonellosis, st Mbandaka - USA (02): breakfast cereal, alert, recall
http://promedmail.org/post/20180713.5902536
Salmonellosis, serotype Adelaide - USA (02) : pre-cut melon, increased
cases http://promedmail.org/post/20180621.5866494
Salmonellosis, st Mbandaka - USA: breakfast cereal, alert, recall
http://promedmail.org/post/20180615.5858005
Salmonellosis - USA (06): live poultry, multiple serotypes
http://promedmail.org/post/20180610.5848079
Salmonellosis, st Adelaide - USA: pre-cut melon
http://promedmail.org/post/20180609.5848045
Salmonellosis, st I 4,[5,12:b:- - USA (05): kratom, multiple serotypes
http://promedmail.org/post/20180527.5820928
Salmonellosis - USA (05): (Chicago) jail inmates
http://promedmail.org/post/20180510.5791825
Salmonellosis, st Newport - USA: ground beef from dairy cows,
2016-2017 http://promedmail.org/post/20180428.5771197
Salmonellosis, st. Braenderup - USA: eggs, recall
http://promedmail.org/post/20180416.5748263
Salmonellosis, st I 4,[5,12:b:- - USA (04): kratom, mult. st, FDA
mand. recall http://promedmail.org/post/20180406.5729074
Salmonellosis, st Typhimurium - USA (04): dried coconut
http://promedmail.org/post/20180324.5706748
Salmonellosis, st I 4,[5,12:b:- - USA (03): kratom, multiple serotypes
http://promedmail.org/post/20180317.5692509
Salmonellosis, st Agbeni - USA: pet turtles
http://promedmail.org/post/20180314.5686835
Salmonellosis, st Typhimurium - USA (03): chicken salad, CDC report
http://promedmail.org/post/20180308.5674217
Salmonellosis, st Enteritidis - USA: guinea pig exposure
http://promedmail.org/post/20180307.5671605
Salmonellosis, st I 4,[5,12:b:- - USA (02): kratom
http://promedmail.org/post/20180303.5663068
Salmonellosis - USA (04) : (CO) restaurant chain
http://promedmail.org/post/20180228.5656936
Salmonellosis, st Typhimurium - USA (02): chicken salad, CDC report
http://promedmail.org/post/20180223.5646560
Salmonellosis, st I 4,[5,12:b:- - USA: kratom
http://promedmail.org/post/20180220.5640222
Salmonellosis, st Typhimurium - USA: (IA, MN) chicken salad, alert,
recall http://promedmail.org/post/20180218.5635548
Salmonellosis, st I 4,[5,12:b:- and Newport - USA (02): frozen
coconut, recall http://promedmail.org/post/20180217.5633342
Salmonellosis - USA (03): (IA) chicken salad, alert, recall
http://promedmail.org/post/20180214.5628958
Salmonellosis - USA (02): (CO) restaurant, fatal
http://promedmail.org/post/20180212.5622263
Salmonellosis, st Reading - USA: (MN) children, raw pet food, alert,
recall http://promedmail.org/post/20180211.5620484
Salmonellosis, st Montevideo - USA: restaurant chain, sprouts
http://promedmail.org/post/20180121.5574088
Salmonellosis, st I 4,[5,12:b:- and Newport - USA: frozen coconut,
alert, recall http://promedmail.org/post/20180117.5565073
Salmonellosis - USA: frozen coconut, alert, recall
http://promedmail.org/post/20180110.5550279]
.................................................ll/mj/dk
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