Wednesday, August 29, 2018

PRO/AH/EDR> Undiagnosed deaths - Algeria (02): (BU) renal failure, RFI

UNDIAGNOSED DEATHS - ALGERIA (02): (BOUIRA) RENAL FAILURE, REQUEST FOR
INFORMATION
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Date: Thu 23 Aug 2018
Source: La Depeche de Kabylie [in French, trans. Mod.AB, edited]
<http://www.depechedekabylie.com/national/193366-neuf-nouveaux-cas-enregistres.html>


At least 9 new cases of food poisoning were recorded at the beginning
of the week [week of 20 Aug 2018] by the medical teams at Ain-Bessem
Hospital. According to a medical source, the subjects all suffered
from vomiting, diarrhea, and acute renal failure, just as the 7
previous cases transferred to the El-Kettar specialized hospital in
Algiers. These new victims bring the number of people affected to 16,
including 2 fatalities, since Tue 7 Aug 2018. The source stated that
the last patients are aged between 42 and 56 years old and are all
from the locality of Mrabhia, in the commune of Raouraoua, and the
commune of Bir-Ghbalou.

"They are currently supported at El-Kettar's EPS, and their condition
is stabilizing. The origin of these intoxications should be food,
since no trace of water contamination was detected in the water-supply
networks of the 2 regions. Although the epidemiological investigation
has still not revealed the origin of this pathology, we have
confirmation of acute gastroenteritis. Moreover, this disease, which
is very similar to cholera, affects children and the elderly much
more, as is the case with the 2 women who died last week," said Dr
Henni, head of prevention at the health department of the province
[Bouira].

The Ministry of Health and Population confirmed last Monday [20 Aug
2018] through a press release the thesis of food poisoning, while
dismissing a link with waterborne poisoning. "A total of 35 cases of
severe isolated gastroenteritis have been recorded in some areas in
the provinces of Blida and Bouira. These are isolated cases registered
in a supported family circle. The condition of the affected people is
gradually improving, pending the results of bacteriological tests,"
the document from minister of health Professor Hasbellaoui stated,
adding that bacteriological control has demonstrated the absence of
pollution in the drinking-water supply network. "The control of water
remains in force while strengthening the system of control and care at
the different health structures. In order to prevent the emergence of
other cases, we call for the respect of individual and collective
basic hygiene measures through handwashing with soap several times a
day," the minister recommended.

[Byline: Oussama K.]

--
Communicated by:
ProMED-MENA
<promed-mena@promedmail.org>

[The health authorities in Bouira are working hard to unravel the
underpinnings of this health crisis, which has been presented in the
form of multiple cases of gastroenteritis of probable food origin, but
with other symptoms such as acute renal failure noted in patients. The
confirmation of the cholera outbreak in several Algerian provinces
makes the situation even more complex. ProMED-MENA would appreciate
more information on this "mysterious disease" as well as the results
of the bacteriological analyses published as soon as possible. -
Mod.AB]

[HealthMap/ProMED-mail map:
<Bouira, Algeria: http://healthmap.org/promed/p/12690>]

[It is noteworthy that Bouira province borders with Bilda province to
its east, a province reporting cholera activity in the past week,
raising one's suspicions that this "undiagnosed" illness might be
cholera.

Bouira province is in the north central part of Algeria (see
<https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/66/Algeria_provinces_english.png>.
- Mod.MPP]

[See Also:
Cholera, diarrhea & dysentery update (30): Africa (Algeria)
http://promedmail.org/post/20180827.5990110
Undiagnosed deaths - Algeria: (BU) renal failure, RFI
http://promedmail.org/post/20180817.5972699]
.................................................mpp/msp/dk
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