Saturday, September 1, 2018

PRO/AH/EDR> Avian influenza (94): Cambodia (KC) poultry, HPAI H5N1, OIE

AVIAN INFLUENZA (94): CAMBODIA (KAMPONG CHAM) POULTRY, HPAI H5N1, OIE
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Date: Fri 31 Aug 2018
Source: OIE, WAHID weekly disease information 2018; 31(36) [edited]
<http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid.php/Reviewreport/Review?page_refer=MapFullEventReport&reportid=27724>


Highly pathogenic avian influenza, Cambodia
-----------------------------
Information received on [and dated] 31 Aug 2018 from Dr. Sen Sovann,
Director General, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries,
General Directorate of Animal Health and Production (GDAHP), Phnom
Penh, Cambodia

Summary
Report type: Immediate notification
Date of start of the event: 20 Aug 2018
Date of confirmation of the event: 23 Aug 2018
Report date: 31 Aug 2018
Date submitted to OIE: 31 Aug 2018
Reason for notification: Recurrence of a listed disease
Date of previous occurrence: 24 Mar 2018
Manifestation of disease: Clinical disease
Causal agent: Highly pathogenic avian influenza virus
Serotype: H5N1
Nature of diagnosis: Laboratory (basic), laboratory (advanced)
This event pertains to the whole country.

New outbreaks (1)
Outbreak 1.
Location: (572/18 NAHPRI) Trorpang Sangker, Srorlob, Thoung Khmum, Kg.
Cham
Date of start of the outbreak: 20 Aug 2018
Outbreak status: Resolved (30 Aug 2018)
Epidemiological unit: Backyard
Affected animals
Species / Susceptible / Cases / Deaths / Killed and disposed of /
Slaughtered
Birds / 378 / 318 / 318 / 60 / 0
Affected population: All susceptible birds in the infected premise
have been culled.

Summary of outbreaks
Total outbreaks: 1
Total animals affected
Species / Susceptible / Cases / Deaths / Killed and disposed of /
Slaughtered
Birds / 378 / 318 / 318 / 60 / 0
Outbreak statistics (rates apparent, in percentages)
Species / Morbidity rate / Mortality rate / Case fatality rate /
Proportion susceptible animals lost*
Birds / 84.13 / 84.13 / 100.00 / 100.00
*Removed from the susceptible population through death, destruction
and/or slaughter

Epidemiology
Source of the outbreak(s) or origin of infection: Unknown or
inconclusive
Control measures
Measures applied: Movement control inside the country; surveillance
within containment and/or protection zone; official disposal of
carcasses, by-products and waste; stamping out; zoning; disinfection;
vaccination prohibited; no treatment of affected animals
Measures to be applied: Surveillance outside containment and/or
protection zone

Diagnostic test results
1. Laboratory name and type: National Animal Health and Production
Research Institute (NAHPRI) (National laboratory)
Species / Test / Test date / Result
Birds / real-time PCR / 20 Aug 2018 / Positive
2. Institute Pasteur, Cambodia (Regional reference laboratory)
Species / Test / Test date / Result
Birds / real-time PCR / 23 Aug 2018 / Positive

Future reporting
The event is continuing. Weekly follow-up reports will be submitted.

[The location of the outbreak can be seen on the interactive map at
the source URL above.]

--
Communicated by:
ProMED-mail
<promed@promedmail.org>

[Cambodia has been experiencing HPAI H5N1 since 2005, when 4 human
cases, all fatal, were recorded (compared with 8 cases, with 5
fatalities, in China during the same year). No cases in humans have
been recorded in Cambodia since 2014; the total number of accumulated
human cases in Cambodia is 56, including 37 fatalities.

Cambodia's control policy in relation to HPAI H5N1 is stamping out,
vaccination prohibited. - Mod.AS

HealthMap/ProMED-mail map:
Kampong Cham Province, Cambodia: <http://healthmap.org/promed/p/9692>]

[See Also:
Avian influenza (32): Cambodia (PY) poultry, HPAI H5N1, spread
http://promedmail.org/post/20180216.5632583
Avian influenza (16): Cambodia (PP) poultry, HPAI H5N1, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20180117.5566270
2017
----
Avian influenza (167): Cambodia (KC) poultry, HPAI H5N1, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20171212.5498692
Avian influenza (165): Cambodia (KC) poultry, HPAI H5N1
http://promedmail.org/post/20171209.5493410
Avian influenza (37): Cambodia (SR) poultry, HPAI H5N1, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20170131.4806507
Avian influenza (34): Cambodia (Thom) poultry, LPAI H7N3, 1st report,
OIE http://promedmail.org/post/20170127.4797820
2016
----
Avian influenza (44): Cambodia (KP) poultry, HPAI H5N1
http://promedmail.org/post/20160518.4229595
Avian influenza (43): Cambodia (KP) poultry, HPAI H5N1, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20160517.4227842
Undiagnosed mortality, poultry - Cambodia: (KT) RFI
http://promedmail.org/post/20160127.3970770
2015
----
Avian influenza (195): Cambodia (BA, SI) H5N1, poultry, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20151116.3796387
2014
----
Avian influenza, human (85): Cambodia (KP, KN, KG), H5N1
http://promedmail.org/post/20140317.2338293
Avian influenza, human (82): Cambodia, H5N1
http://promedmail.org/post/20140308.2320936
Avian influenza (32): Cambodia (KS, KN) H5N1, spread, poultry, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20140228.2306401
Avian influenza, human (76): Cambodia, H5N1
http://promedmail.org/post/20140219.2287700
Avian influenza (20): Cambodia (KC) H5N1, poultry, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20140213.2275510
Avian influenza, human (69): Cambodia (KC) H5N1, death of siblings
http://promedmail.org/post/20140212.2273521
Avian influenza, human (57): Cambodia, H5N1, 1st case in 2014
http://promedmail.org/post/20140204.2254871
2013
----
Avian influenza (07): Cambodia (TA) poultry, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20130128.1518643
Avian influenza, human (01): Cambodia, fatalities
http://promedmail.org/post/20130125.1514597]
.................................................arn/rd/dk
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