Sunday, September 2, 2018

PRO/AH/EDR> Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (20): (NJ) equine

EASTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS - USA (20) (NEW JERSEY) EQUINE
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In this update:
[1] New Jersey
[2] New Jersey

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[1] New Jersey
Date: 25 Aug 2018
Source: NJ.com [edited]
<https://www.nj.com/monmouth/index.ssf/2018/08/monmouth_county_horse_dies_from_serious_mosquito-b.html>


A horse in Monmouth County died this month [August 2018] after
contracting a serious, mosquito-borne disease, the 1st case of its
kind in New Jersey this year [2018].

The 5-year-old mare was euthanized on 18 Aug 2018 after it acquired
eastern equine encephalitis, which causes inflammation of the brain
tissue and, in most cases, kills any horse that acquires it, according
to the New Jersey Department of Agriculture in a release issued Friday
[24 Aug 2018].

The horse had been vaccinated against the disease in 2017, but not
this year [2018].

"Horse owners need to be vigilant in vaccinating their animals against
diseases spread by mosquitoes," New Jersey Secretary of Agriculture
Douglas H. Fisher said in a release. "Vaccinated animals are much less
likely to contract deadly diseases such as eastern equine encephalitis
and West Nile virus."

After the 1st human case of West Nile virus was confirmed in New
Jersey this season, here's a breakdown of which counties have had the
most mosquitoes found with West Nile virus this year [2018].

New Jersey had 6 cases of eastern equine encephalitis in 2017 and 2
cases of West Nile virus, another mosquito-borne viral disease that
affects a horse's neurological system, according to the release.
However, eastern equine encephalitis has a "significantly higher" risk
of death in horses than West Nile virus.

Humans are unlikely to catch eastern equine encephalitis from horses,
as the animals are considered to be "dead-end" hosts for the virus,
officials said.

The Department of Agriculture encouraged all horse owners to have
their animals vaccinated against both eastern equine encephalitis and
West Nile virus.

Both viral diseases must be reported to the state veterinarian at
609-671-6400 within 48 hours of diagnosis, the department said.

[Byline: Chris Sheldon]

--
Communicated by:
ProMED-mail from HealthMap Alerts
<promed@promedmail.org>

******
[2] New Jersey
Date: 31 Aug 2108
Source: Courier Post Online [edited]
<https://eu.courierpostonline.com/story/news/local/south-jersey/2018/08/31/camden-county-horse-nj-euthanized-mosquito-illness-equine-encephalitis-west-nile-no-vaccination/1155305002>


A horse in Camden County has been euthanized after contracting a
disease that it was not vaccinated against, according to state
officials.

The 12-year-old gelding was the 2nd horse in 2 weeks to come down with
eastern equine encephalitis (EEE), a serious, mosquito-borne illness,
stated a news release from the New Jersey Department of Agriculture.

The 1st case -- which also was the 1st incidence of the disease
reported this year [2018] -- was in a Monmouth County mare.

The Camden County horse was euthanized Monday [27 Aug 2018]. The horse
in Monmouth County also was euthanized, health officials said.

Officials are now urging animal owners to remember vaccines for EEE
and West Nile virus, which also can be deadly to horses. But EEE,
which causes inflammation of the brain tissue, has a significantly
higher risk of death in horses than West Nile virus infection,
officials said. Both diseases are spread by mosquitoes and affect a
horse's neurological system.

Horses with EEE don't pose a serious risk of infecting people because
horses (like humans) are "dead-end" hosts for the virus, officials
said.

Horse owners should contact their veterinarians if their horses are
not already up-to-date on their vaccinations against both EEE and West
Nile virus.

EEE and West Nile virus, like other viral diseases affecting horses'
neurological system, must be reported to the state veterinarian at
609-671-6400 within 48 hours of diagnosis. The New Jersey Animal
Health Diagnostic Laboratory is available to assist with testing for
both diseases and can be reached at 609-406-6999 or
<jerseyvetlab@ag.nj.gov>.

For more information about EEE in horses, visit the NJDA website at
<http://nj.gov/agriculture/divisions/ah/diseases/diseaseworksheets.html>.

[Byline: Sheri Berkery]

--
Communicated by:
ProMED-mail from HealthMap Alerts
<promed@promedmail.org>

[Preventing EEE and WNV is through vaccination and control of
mosquitoes. EEE and WNV, and usually tetanus, are combined into one
injection. If an animal has not been vaccinated or the vaccine history
has a lapse in it, then the animal needs 2 vaccines 3-4 weeks apart,
and then an annual vaccine. In areas where the mosquito season is
long, the vaccine may need to be given approximately every 3-4 months.
The immunity to EEE wanes in approximately 4 months. Vaccines are
cheap compared to treating the horse for the disease or losing your
friend and investment. Please vaccinate your horses.

Mosquito control is very important as well. There are sprays
specifically for horses for mosquitoes and flies. However, do not
believe you can protect your animal with sprays alone. Vaccine is
necessary. - Mod.TG

HealthMap/ProMED map available at:
New Jersey, United States: <http://healthmap.org/promed/p/232>]

[See Also:
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (19): (NY)
http://promedmail.org/post/20180820.5975634
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (18): (NC, VA)
http://promedmail.org/post/20180812.5962205
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (17): (GA)
http://promedmail.org/post/20180810.5957927
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (16): (FL) human, animal
http://promedmail.org/post/20180809.5955648
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (15): (NC) equine
http://promedmail.org/post/20180805.5948193
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (14): (WI,NC) equine, mosquito pools
http://promedmail.org/post/20180801.5940028
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (13): equine
http://promedmail.org/post/20180729.5934238
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (12): (FL,NC) equine case, comment
http://promedmail.org/post/20180720.5915451
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (11): (NC) equine, new case
http://promedmail.org/post/20180713.5903958
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (10): (NC) equine
http://promedmail.org/post/20180712.5901710
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (09): (VA) EEE & WNV equine
vaccination http://promedmail.org/post/20180709.5895265
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (08): (FL) equine
http://promedmail.org/post/20180707.5893166
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (07): (FL) equine
http://promedmail.org/post/20180617.5860630
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (06): (FL) equine
http://promedmail.org/post/20180601.5832086
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (05): (FL) equine, avian
http://promedmail.org/post/20180522.5812624
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (04): (FL) equine
http://promedmail.org/post/20180501.5777858
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (03): (FL) equine
http://promedmail.org/post/20180427.5771196
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (02): (FL) equine, avian
http://promedmail.org/post/20180313.5684578
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA: (FL) equine
http://promedmail.org/post/20180302.5662118
2017
----
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (12): (GA) equine
http://promedmail.org/post/20171209.5492562
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (08): (GA, OH) equine
http://promedmail.org/post/20170903.5291739
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (07): (GA,WI) equine
http://promedmail.org/post/20170827.5277027
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (02): (GA) equine
http://promedmail.org/post/20170722.5197500
2016
----
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (04): (GA) equine
http://promedmail.org/post/20160615.4289216
and other items in the archives]
.................................................sb/tg/msp/dk
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