Sunday, September 16, 2018

PRO/AH/EDR> Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (22): (NJ) equine

EASTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS - USA (22:) (NEW JERSEY) EQUINE
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Date: 13 Sep 2018
Source: Tapinto.net [edited]
<https://www.tapinto.net/sections/horses/horse-health-and-wellness/articles/equine-health-alert-mosquito-borne-illnesses-found-in-2-more-n-j-horses>


An Ocean County gelding is the 4th reported case of eastern equine
encephalitis (EEE), a serious, mosquito-borne illnesses in horses, in
New Jersey for 2018.

The horse had not been vaccinated against EEE in 2018. The Ocean
County horse was euthanized on 4 Sep 2018. The other 3 EEE cases in
2018, all euthanized, were in Monmouth and Camden counties.

EEE causes inflammation of the brain tissue and has a significantly
higher risk of death in horses than West Nile virus infection. The
disease is transmitted by a mosquito bite. The virus cycles between
birds and mosquitoes, with horses and humans being incidental hosts.
EEE infections in horses are not a significant risk factor for human
infection, because horses (like humans) are "dead-end" hosts for the
virus.

"We continue to encourage horse owners be vigilant in vaccinating
their animals against these diseases spread by mosquitoes," New Jersey
Secretary of Agriculture Douglas H. Fisher said. "Vaccinated animals
are much less likely to contract deadly diseases such as EEE and West
Nile virus [WNV]."

With the higher than average number of mosquitos this season
(<http://vectorbio.rutgers.edu/reports/mosquito/>) and a 40 percent
increase in WNV positive mosquitoes
(<http://www.nj.gov/health/cd/statistics/arboviral-stats/>) compared
to 2017, livestock owners are strongly encouraged to vaccinate against
WNV, EEE and other mosquito-borne diseases. Effective equine vaccines
for EEE and WNV are available commercially. Horse owners should
contact their veterinarians if their horses are not up-to-date on
their vaccinations against both EEE and WNV.

For more information about EEE in horses, visit the New Jersey
Department of Agriculture web site at:
<http://www.nj.gov/agriculture/divisions/ah/diseases/diseaseworksheets.html>.

EEE and West Nile virus, like other viral diseases affecting a horse's
neurological system, must be reported to the state veterinarian at
609-671-6400 within 48 hours of diagnosis. The New Jersey Animal
Health Diagnostic Laboratory is available to assist with EEE and WNV
testing and can be reached at 609-406-6999 or via email at
<jerseyvetlab@ag.nj.gov>. Learn more about the NJ Animal Health
Diagnostic lab at <http://www.jerseyvetlab.nj.gov>.

--
Communicated by:
ProMED-mail from HealthMap Alerts
<promed@promedmail.org>

[Unfortunately, horses with EEE seldom survive, or they are euthanized
as there is no chance for the animal's recovery. Why not prevent this
situation and vaccinate your pet? If you have not vaccinated against
EEE, WNV, western equine encephalitis (WEE), and tetanus please do so.
This is one vaccine with prevention for all of these nasty diseases.
This vaccine will have to be repeated in approximately 3 weeks, but it
is a lot of protection for a small cost. Please vaccinate. - Mod.TG

HealthMap/ProMED map available at:
New Jersey, United States: <http://healthmap.org/promed/p/232>]

[See Also:
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (21): (VA) equine
http://promedmail.org/post/20180909.6018233
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (20): (NJ) equine
http://promedmail.org/post/20180902.6003523
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (19): (NY) equine
http://promedmail.org/post/20180820.5975634
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (18): (NC, VA) equine
http://promedmail.org/post/20180812.5962205
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (17): (GA) equine
http://promedmail.org/post/20180810.5957927
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (16): (FL) human, animal
http://promedmail.org/post/20180809.5955648
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (15): (NC) equine
http://promedmail.org/post/20180805.5948193
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (14): (WI,NC) equine, mosquito pools
http://promedmail.org/post/20180801.5940028
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (13): equine
http://promedmail.org/post/20180729.5934238
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (12): (FL,NC) equine case, comment
http://promedmail.org/post/20180720.5915451
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (11): (NC) equine, new case
http://promedmail.org/post/20180713.5903958
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (10): (NC) equine
http://promedmail.org/post/20180712.5901710
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (09): (VA) EEE & WNV equine
vaccination http://promedmail.org/post/20180709.5895265
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (08): (FL) equine
http://promedmail.org/post/20180707.5893166
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (07): (FL) equine
http://promedmail.org/post/20180617.5860630
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (06): (FL) equine
http://promedmail.org/post/20180601.5832086
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (05): (FL) equine, avian
http://promedmail.org/post/20180522.5812624
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (04): (FL) equine
http://promedmail.org/post/20180501.5777858
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (03): (FL) equine
http://promedmail.org/post/20180427.5771196
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (02): (FL) equine, avian
http://promedmail.org/post/20180313.5684578
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA: (FL) equine
http://promedmail.org/post/20180302.5662118
2017
----
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (12): (GA) equine
http://promedmail.org/post/20171209.5492562
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (08): (GA, OH) equine
http://promedmail.org/post/20170903.5291739
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (07): (GA,WI) equine
http://promedmail.org/post/20170827.5277027
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (02): (GA) equine
http://promedmail.org/post/20170722.5197500
2016
----
Eastern equine encephalitis - USA (04): (GA) equine
http://promedmail.org/post/20160615.4289216
and other items in the archives]
.................................................sb/tg/msp/jh
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