Sunday, September 9, 2018

PRO/AH/EDR> Eastern equine encephalitis - Canada (02): (ON)

EASTERN EQUINE ENCEPHALITIS - CANADA (02): (ONTARIO)
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A ProMED-mail post
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International Society for Infectious Diseases
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Date: 7 Sep 2018
Source: Global News Canada [edited]
<https://globalnews.ca/news/4434234/encephalitis-hamilton/>


The City of Hamilton on Friday [7 Sep 2018] confirmed its 1st case of
eastern equine encephalitis (EEE).

A horse has tested positive for the virus, which is typically found in
wild birds and transmitted by infected mosquitoes.

Generally, humans do not show symptoms when they are infected,
according to public health. Yet in severe cases, EEE can progress to
swelling of the brain, seizures, or a coma. Lesser symptoms include
the sudden onset of chills, fever and vomiting.

To date, there are no confirmed cases of human illness related to the
virus in Hamilton.

Residents are being advised to use bug spray with DEET, wear long
sleeves and pants in wooded areas, and remove any standing water on
their property to prevent potential breeding sites.

[Byline: Sara Cain]

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Communicated by:
ProMED-mail
<promed@promedmail.org>

[It is unfortunate that this article does not mention vaccinating the
horse or using equine-specific sprays for control of mosquitoes and
flies on horses. It is also unfortunate there is no mention of
cleaning up standing water, such as puddles, old tires holding water,
even the catch pan of potted plants. Mosquito larvae are found in
standing water puddles.

In addition to protecting yourself, please protect your equine friend
by completing the vaccination regimen. Generally, an initial
vaccination is followed 3-4 weeks later with a 2nd injection.
Injections should be repeated approximately very 4-6 months, as
immunity to EEE wanes fairly quickly.

Most EEE vaccines are combined with those for western equine
encephalitis, West Nile virus, and tetanus, so you get a lot of bang
for the buck when it comes to equine protection. If you have not
vaccinated, please do so immediately. - Mod.TG

HealthMap/ProMED map available at:
Ontario Province, Canada: <http://healthmap.org/promed/p/260>]

[See Also:
Eastern equine encephalitis - Canada: (ON)
http://promedmail.org/post/20180820.5976525
2015
----
Eastern equine encephalitis - Canada (03): (ON) equine
http://promedmail.org/post/20151111.3782475
2014
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Eastern equine encephalitis - Canada (02): (ON) equine
http://promedmail.org/post/20140828.2728616
Eastern equine encephalitis - Canada: (ON) equine
http://promedmail.org/post/20140824.2717427]
.................................................sb/tg/msp/mpp
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