Tuesday, September 18, 2018

PRO/AH/EDR> Foot & mouth disease - Algeria (06): (BU) bovine, spread

FOOT & MOUTH DISEASE - ALGERIA (06): (BOUIRA) BOVINE, SPREAD
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Date: Sun 16 Sep 2018, 11:19 AM
Source: Algerie 360 [in French, trans. Mod.AB, edited]
<https://www.algerie360.com/bouira-11-bovins-abattus-la-fievre-aphteuse-frappe-encore/>


A total of 11 cases of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) have been reported
in the commune of Oued El Berdi, about 20 km [12 miles] southeast of
Bouira. These are 11 pregnant cows that contracted the virus in a barn
of a private breeder. The 11 cattle head with high milk production
were slaughtered.

During the onset of the disease, a few months ago, there were 23 FMD
cases observed in the municipalities of Ain Bessem, Aghbalou and
M'chedallah. The 23 cows were slaughtered to circumscribe the extent
of the disease. All in all, this viral disease has not finished
decimating the cattle herd despite the protection and compensation
measures that have been taken.

In 2014, the province of Bouira saw its agro-pastoral vocation hard
hit by this disease. This province, which has a cattle park estimated
at more than 74 000 head, is an important dairy basin. The province
had then experienced a worrying spread of the virus, with nearly 1000
cows slaughtered.

Despite the strengthening of control and prevention measures,
including a large-scale vaccination campaign since the arrival of
large quantities of vaccines [precise date unknown - Mod.AB], the
distribution of antiseptics and disinfection products, it remains
nevertheless that the agricultural services of the province of Bouira
(DSA) dread other attacks. Note that FMDV can be carried even by the
wind.

The regional cattle market, which was closed for a few days, saw its
opening renewed again after Eid. According to some veterinarians, this
situation has allowed the resurgence of other cases of FMD, certainly
conveyed by herds that come from all regions of Algeria, at least the
most famous for their pastoral vocation. However, the decision to
close livestock markets was motivated by multiple reasons for
preventing the spread of FMD, which, unfortunately, continues to
prevail after their reopening.

[Byline: Farid Haddouche]

--
Communicated by:
ProMED-MENA
<promed-mena@promedmail.org>

[The province of Bouira is a region with an agro-pastoral vocation
that constitutes an important dairy basin in Algeria. This province
was heavily affected by FMD in 2014 and also since the emergence of
the new epizootic in 2018. In the absence of strict containment
measures, it appears that outbreaks of the disease originate there
from other Algerian provinces.

The reopening of livestock markets, authorized on the occasion of Eid
El Adha (sacrifice festival), is maintained despite the resurgence of
new outbreaks of FMD. - Mod.AB

For the location of Oeid El Berdi, see map at
<https://tinyurl.com/ycfda4d8>.

According to EUFMD's most recent available 'Global Foot-and-Mouth
Disease Situation' report for July 2018 (published 29 Aug 2018), the
vaccine strains employed in the VMSD tests obtained good matching
results with the field isolates detected during Algeria's 1st notified
outbreaks of June 2018.

Most likely, the continuing cases are caused by the same FMDV strain
which has been behind this event since its start, late June 2018,
namely serotype O, topotype EA-3. - Mod.AS

HealthMap/ProMED map available at:
Bouira, Algeria: <http://healthmap.org/promed/p/12690>]

[See Also:
Foot & mouth disease - Algeria (05): bovine, st O, topotype EA-3,
spread http://promedmail.org/post/20180805.5947341
Foot & mouth disease - Algeria (04): bovine, st O, genotyped topotype
EA-3 http://promedmail.org/post/20180725.5925984
Foot & mouth disease - Algeria (03): bovine, st O, spread, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20180723.5921355
Foot & mouth disease - Algeria (02): (TO) bovine, st O, spread
http://promedmail.org/post/20180718.5912655
Foot & mouth disease - Algeria: (TO) bovine, st O, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20180630.5883015
2017
----
Foot & mouth disease - Algeria (07): (TO) bov, st A, new strain,
spread susp http://promedmail.org/post/20170425.4994420
Foot & mouth disease - Algeria (06): (SF) bov, st SAT1 NOT, st A, new
strain, OIE http://promedmail.org/post/20170422.4987489
Foot & mouth disease - Algeria (05): (SF) bovine, control, regional
alerts http://promedmail.org/post/20170419.4980408
Foot & mouth disease - Algeria (04): (SF) bov, st SAT1, new, OIE, st A
geno G-IV http://promedmail.org/post/20170411.4963314
Foot & mouth disease - Algeria (03): (MD, BB) bovine, spread, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20170408.4957366
Foot & mouth disease - Algeria (02): (RE) bovine, st A, new strain,
OIE http://promedmail.org/post/20170331.4939480
Foot & mouth disease - Algeria: (RE) bovine, susp, RFI
http://promedmail.org/post/20170330.4936520
Foot & mouth disease - Palestinian Auth (06): (WE) ovine/caprine, st
O, tt EA-3 http://promedmail.org/post/20171221.5516215
Foot & mouth disease - Israel (04): (HD) bovine, st. O, topotype EA-3
http://promedmail.org/post/20170404.4947711
2015
----
Foot & mouth disease - Maghreb (17): Morocco, bovine, st O, genotyped
Ind-2001d http://promedmail.org/post/20151125.3818157
Foot & mouth disease - Maghreb (13): Morocco (CS) bovine, st O, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20151103.3763230
Foot & mouth disease - Maghreb (11): Algeria, livestock, update
http://promedmail.org/post/20150915.3646403
Foot & mouth disease - Maghreb (10): Algeria, livestock, OIE,
resolved, RFI http://promedmail.org/post/20150609.3420630
Foot & mouth disease - Maghreb (05): Algeria, st O, ovine, OIE
http://promedmail.org/post/20150408.3283096
Foot & mouth disease - Maghreb (03): Algeria (EB, EO) livestock, st O,
OIE, RFI http://promedmail.org/post/20150311.3222002
2014
----
Foot & mouth disease - Maghreb (04): Tunisia spread, OIE, RFI, Algeria
spread http://promedmail.org/post/20140920.2790585
Foot & mouth disease - Maghreb (02): Algeria, OIE, Morocco prev. vacc.
http://promedmail.org/post/20140910.2764083
Foot & mouth disease - Algeria (09): Morocco, vaccination, Tunisia RFI
http://promedmail.org/post/20140830.2733767
Foot & mouth disease - Algeria (08): st. O, spread, OIE, Morocco,
prevention http://promedmail.org/post/20140822.2714080
Foot & mouth disease - Algeria (06): OIE, st. O, spread, regional
impact http://promedmail.org/post/20140808.2672722
Foot & mouth disease - Algeria: susp., Tunisia RFI
http://promedmail.org/post/20140527.2502455]
.................................................ab/arn/ao/lm
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